Flag of Thuringia

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Thuringia
Flag of Thuringia.svg
Name Landesflagge
Use Civil flag Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side
Proportion 3:5 (or 1:2)
Adopted 1921, 1946, 1991
Design A bicolor of white over red.
Flag of Thuringia (state).svg
Variant flag of Thuringia
Name Landesdienstflagge des Freistaats Thüringen
Use State flag Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side
Proportion 3:5 (or 1:2)
Adopted 1991
Design The civil flag with the addition of the coat of arms.

Both the civil and state flag of the German state of Thuringia feature a bicolour of white over red. Introduced with the formation of the state of Thuringia within the Weimar Republic in 1920, it is the reverse of the flag of Hesse, both flags ultimately reflecting the heraldic colours of the Ludovingian rulers of the medieval Duchy of Thuringia.

Like many German state's flags, the most commonly used size commercially is 3:5, although in law it is stated as being 'at least 1:2'.[1]

The civil bicolour flag of white over red was used in the Weimar Republic, and formally abolished in 1935, under the reforms of the Third Reich. It was re-adopted 1946 when Thuringia became a state again, and again abolished 1952 under governing reforms of the German Democratic Republic. When Germany was reunited, Thuringia became a state yet again, and so the flag was finally re-adopted in 1991, having been a much used symbol during the demonstrations in the German Democratic Republic in 1989/90.[citation needed] It was immediately accepted as Landesflagge after the reunification and the re-establishment of Thuringia as a state on 3 October 1990. The first legal regulation was the Gesetz über die Hoheitszeichen of 30 January 1991.

The new arms of Thuringia are the old arms of the Ludovingian Landgraves of Thuringia, with a couple of alterations. Because of the similarities between Hesse and Thuringia Coats of Arms, the flags appear similar too.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ State Chancellery (1993), Verfassung des Freistaats Thüringen vom 25. Oktober 1993 Constitution of the Free State of Thuringia of 25 October 1993 (in German) 
  2. ^ Siobhán Ryan (1997), Ultimate Pocket Flags of the World  (Illustrated).