Flag of Yucatán

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Flag of Republic of Yucatán.

The Flag of Yucatán refers to the flag used by the former Republic of Yucatán, when in the middle of 19th century it was proclaimed in the territory of the Yucatan peninsula, comprising the present states of Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo.[1]

Almost all the States of Mexico do not have real flags, only Jalisco and Tlaxcala have legislated and formalized their flags.[2] The other states use white flags with the state coat of arms, granted by former president Ernesto Zedillo in 1999.

Historical flag[edit]

The flag of Yucatán is hoisted currently (unofficially) as a civil symbol.
Main article: Republic of Yucatán

Yucatan's flag was hoisted on the building of Ayuntamiento of Mérida, in the "Plaza Grande" of the capital city of the state of Yucatán for first and only time, on March 16, 1841, in protest against the centralism of Antonio López de Santa Anna. The flag was never officially used again by the authorities of Yucatan.[3][4]

Regarding the historical flag of the Republic of Yucatán, Rodolfo Menéndez de la Peña, historian, describes the flag

The flag of Yucatán was divided into two parts: green on left, the right, with three divisions, red up and down and white in the middle. In the green field highlighted, five stars, symbolizing the five departments that Yucatan was divided by decree of November 30, 1840: Mérida, Izamal, Valladolid, Tekax and Campeche.[3]

De Facto flag of Yucatán.

Throughout the 20th century, this historic flag has been present at ceremonies and festivals of various kinds. On June. 2000, began its diffusion in the state of Yucatán, used as a civil insignia without recognition by the federal or state institutions. This was attributed in the local press and by commentators at the national level, by the tensions that had arisen between the governor Víctor Cervera Pacheco and the federal government. The flag spread rapidly and its image was carried in cars, shirts, posters, etc., as a manifestation of local feeling against the federal government.[5][6][7]

Currently, the people from Yucatán use it to express their yucataneidad (pride of being Yucatecan). In 2001 was held in the city of Mérida a commemoration for the 160th anniversary of his first and last official use.[8] On 2010, the flag reappeared at a sports event where the governor Ivonne Ortega Pacheco explained to Don King the meaning of the flag.[9]

See also[edit]