Flaine

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Flaine
Flaine.jpg
Location Haute-Savoie, France
Nearest city Geneva, Switzerland
Coordinates 46°00′15″N 6°41′45″E / 46.00417°N 6.69583°E / 46.00417; 6.69583 (Flaine)
Top elevation 2,561 m (8,402 ft)
Base elevation 1,600 m (5,200 ft)
Longest run "Cascade" (14km long)
Lift system 2 gondola, 11 chairlifts, 13 surface lift
Terrain parks 1
Website Grand-Massif.com

Flaine is a ski area in the Haute Savoie region of the French Alps, and is a part of the linked Grand Massif domain. It is in the territory of the communes of Magland and Arâches. Flaine is linked to Samoëns, Morillon, Les Carroz and Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval, with 267 km of pistes in total. It featured the first 8-seater high speed chairlift, Les Grands Vans, and the first snow cannons to be installed in Europe.[1] Flaine is often called the "big snowy bowl" due to it having one of the best snow records in the Alps.[2]

History[edit]

An encounter between Man, Mountain and Art[edit]

The site was discovered in 1959 by the geophysicist Eric Boissonnas and the Swiss architect Gérard Chervaz, who went on to succeed in their bid to create a fine example of urban development, architecture and design, where short-term profitability would be second to aesthetics and care of the environment.

Eric and Sylvie Boissonnas entrusted Flaine’s design to Marcel Breuer (1902–1981), the eminent Bauhaus architect whose structural designs are well-known around the world. These include The "Palais de l'Unesco" in Paris, the Whitney Museum, The Atlanta-Fulton Central Branch Library, Flushing Meadows Sports Park in New York, and the Bijenkorf in Rotterdam. Breuer is also known for his innovative use of materials (i.e. tubular steel) in creating his iconic furniture designs. With one of his signature pieces being the Wassily Chair.

Functionality and integration[edit]

Flaine2.jpg

Right from the design stage, Eric Boissonnas and Marcel Breuer were careful not to disturb the natural surroundings and integrate the resort into the receiving mountain. In other words, the general layout blends in with the environment's contours, and the different levels which make up the resort can not be seen from one to the other. The result is a feeling of privacy and tranquillity.

The master plan; the ski runs designed by champion Emile Allais; the technical network for electric cables; gondola lift stations on the same level as the ski runs; even the colour of concrete reminiscent of the surrounding rocks:- everything was inspired by the ambition to find a balance between functionality and integration.

Construction[edit]

The construction of the resort was not without difficulty. Chappis and Pradelle left after Breuer joined the team, Boissonnas fell out with the government official in charge of planning France's winter sports industry and when local landowners found out that Boissonnas was a billionaire they threatened to block the building of the access road to the resort until they received adequate compensation. The result was a three year delay and huge cost overruns, and led to greater state involvement in French ski resort development. By the time the resort was opened on the 17 January 1969 it had probably cost Boissonnas the equivalent of around $250 million from his personal fortune at 2005 prices.

The site is divided into two areas which are joined by two free lifts. The upper area, Flaine Forêt, at an altitude of 1700 m, consists of a number of apartment buildings named after constellations; the Eric et Sylvie Boissonnas Auditorium shops, offices and restaurants. The lower area, Flaine Forum, at an altitude of 1600 m, has more restaurants, shops bars and accommodation.[3]

New developments[edit]

Hameau de Flaine is just outside the main resort and in between this and Flaine is "Flaine Montsoleil", a new development which has the same 'ski-in, ski-out' feel as the main resort but constructed in a more traditional alpine style.

More apartments like Montsoleil are going in just above the Hameau next to the golf course. Due for completion in 2011 it will be called "La Refuge de Golf" (The Golf Refuge).

Location[edit]

Flaine is about 1 hour and 15 minutes away from Geneva airport, approximately 3 hours drive from Lyon, and 30 km from the A40 motorway (l'Autoroute Blanche). It is close to resorts Les Houches, Les Contamines, large ski area Chamonix as well as the Portes du Soleil region — notably resorts Les Gets and Morzine. Trips to Italy via the Mont Blanc Tunnel to Courmayeur are also possible.

Bus services are available several times a day to Tanninges in the Giffre Valley (where resorts Morillon and Samoëns are situated) where buses to Geneva and Chamonix can be accessed. The bus service is run by Transdev Alpbus and details of the bus services from Flaine can be obtained from http://www.altibus.com/

Skiing[edit]

Ski terrain[edit]

360° panorama of Flaine, from the Almandine run.

There is skiing for most in Flaine, as the resort enjoys a particular reputation as being all rounded.

The most notable runs in Flaine include Styx (Black); le Diamant Noir (black); Serpentine (blue/red); Fred (red); Tourmaline (blue) and Mephisto (blue/red). The liaisons ski runs which take you out of Flaine, take you to Samöens, Morillon and Les Carroz via the run Dolomie (blue) and to the smaller ski resort Sixt via the long blue, Les Cascades, which has a spectacular view of the Ger Valley.

In Les Carroz, Morrilion, and Samőens classic runs include Marvel; a fabulously long green that goes through the forest, Sairon; a long blue with many jumps and banks on the side of the piste, Lou Darbes; a medium length blue run that is downhill all the way — an excellent run for 'bombing' down, and Aigle Noir, a steep, difficult black run.

The predominantly north-facing runs are very reliable: package companies offering "snow guarantees" often import punters from other French resorts when their pistes have lost the amount of sufficient snow that can be skied on. Flaine was the first resort to feature artificial snow making in Europe from 1973.[1]

Interestingly, in each different grade of run (green, blue, red, & black) there is a theme in the Flaine bowl. For example most of the blue runs are named after metals/jewels (e.g. Serpentine, Turquoise, Dolomie, Cristal, Tourmaline, Emeraude), nearly all the reds are diabollically named (e.g. Faust, Mephisto, Belzebuth, Lucifer) and most black runs after stars (e.g. Diamant Noir, Agate, Styx). Most green runs are named after trees (e.g. Meleze, Pin, Epicea). This only occurs in the Flaine valley though; the other resorts' runs are named separately. However the same names are repeated in different resorts. For example "Combe", valley, is a popular name because of the many runs leading into valleys. Arête, ridge, is also popular.

In Flaine Forum, the Nursery Slopes are served by a small chairlift (Le Pre) which is excellent for beginners due to the fact that it doesn't go far above the snow. They are also interesting as they go down from the resort centre, rather than down to the resort. There is also a short green run which runs to the left of the lift.

Lift system[edit]

There are 2 free lifts (Pre and Telebenne) which link the up and lower parts of Flaine. Flaine is in the process of implementing an upgrade program to its lifts and trails called Flaine Perspectives 2006–2010.[4] For 2006, new gondola cabins were installed on Aup De Veran, whilst the base station was renovated for 2007. For 2008, the Les Gerats lift was installed to allow better access to the new INTRAWEST village (Flaine Montsoleil). In addition the Tete Des Verds 6-person detachable chair was installed from the main base area. For 2009, Flaine aim to renovate the Telebenne, installation of a 4-person chair to replace the Bois button, to be called Aujon and the installation of a 4-person chair to link the western part of the INTRAWEST village.

Name Type Make Year Built
Grands Vans 8 person detachable chair Doppelmayer 2000
Aup De Veran 4 person gondola renovated 2006/07
Bois Surface lift Poma To be removed summer 2009
Aujon 4 person chair  ? Due winter 2009
Tete Des Verds 6 person detachable chair Doppelmayer 2008
La Foret 4 person chair  ? Due winter 2009
Les Gerats 4 person chair Poma 2008
Veret Surface lift Poma
Vernant 6 person detachable chair Poma

Other activities[edit]

Music in Flaine[edit]

Académie Internationale de Musique (Flaine International Music Academy) is held every August. Its aim is to teach music to a high level and to create some magical moments for the public by holding free concerts in the magnificent Eric et Sylvie Boissonnas Auditorium a 500-seater auditorium. ‘Musique in Flaine’ came about when a number of music teachers involved with the Bain de Musique wanted to set up a high level academy devoted to chamber music.[5]

Walking[edit]

Flaine is a good centre for summer walking. A walker can either take the GR96 or take a lift to the Les Grandes Patières (2480 m) which gives access to the Désert de Platé a fine and extremely extensive limestone pavement (known in French as a "lapiaz"). From there you can walk to the Refuge de Platé which is fully open from mid-June to mid-September. The route takes the walker past deep ravines, rocks and fissures which contain moss campion, gentians and many other colorful flowers.[6] In the other direction, also on GR96, walkers can go past the Lac de Flaine, climb to the Col de Cou, down to the Col de la Frête (1347 m) and then to the tiny hamlet of La Colonnaz from here there is a relatively flat broad track to Les Carroz. The whole route should take about 3½ hours. Other walks that can be taken are to the Belvêdère d’Anjon where good views over the valley can be had.[7]

Evolution and environmental issues[edit]

Flaine is situated on a geological plate of rock called the "Désert de Platé".[8] This type of rock formation is extremely rugged and cracked looking. It is no surprise therefore that there an unusually large number of crevasses and potholes in the area, which are particularly visible in summer. Due to most of them being covered by thin layers of snow, they are not visible in the winter. This makes skiing off piste in the Flaine area fairly dangerous.

Night life[edit]

The most popular bar for British holiday-makers in Flaine is "le White Pub" — known as "the White Grouse" before being bought out by a pair of French entrepreneurs in 2004. Le White Pub shows sporting events but these tend to be more of a Winter Sports style. The bar is mainly used by attracting package tour groups on 'benders'

"The Flying Dutchman" is another bar in Flaine Forêt. As the name suggests, it has a particular attraction to Dutch skiers in Flaine. The bar is a popular place for skiers living in the Forêt to have a drink after skiing, as it is very close to the ski slopes.

Also popular is the more upmarket "Perdrix Noir" i.e. Black Grouse. This pub attracts a mixed crowd of French and British. The Ski Club of Great Britain representative of Flaine meets here every evening with locals and skiers.

The bowling alley bar is increasingly popular because of its late opening hours.

Crime[edit]

The crime associated with larger resorts was notable by its absence in Flaine until the turn of the 21st century. A few years ago there had been increasing reports of burglaries, muggings and minor assaults. Nowadays crime has seemed to have declined because of Flaine promoting itself as a more 'family resort'.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.flaine.com/en/skiing-holiday-france.php
  2. ^ http://www.skicollection.co.uk/Ski/Flaine.htm
  3. ^ http://www.flaine.com/pages/plan-station-ski.php?lg=EN Map of Flaine
  4. ^ http://www.grand-massif.com/panoramaofthefuture/ Flaine Perspectives
  5. ^ http://www.flaine.com/uk-e/classical-music-courses.php Classical Music & Flaine
  6. ^ http://www.rhone-alpes.ecologie.gouv.fr/include/publi/pdf/sc6.pdf Geological description of the Platé in French.
  7. ^ Le Syndicat Intercommunal Etudes Aménagement Grand Massif (2006) Itinéraires de Randonnées Pédestres: Du Grand Massif.
  8. ^ Flaine - station de ski de Flaine

External links[edit]