||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (December 2008)|
|Type||Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun|
|Place of origin||Nazi Germany|
|Wars||World War II|
|Weight||9,800 kg (21,600 lb)|
|Length||4.61 m (15 ft 1 in)|
|Width||2.15 m (7 ft 1 in)|
|Height||2.25 m (7 ft 5 in)|
|Armor||10 mm - 15 mm|
|1 x 2 cm FlaK 38 L/112.5
|Engine||1 x Praga AC, 6-cylinder petrol engine
147 hp (110 kW)
|210 km (130 miles)|
|Speed||42 km/h (26 mph)|
The Flakpanzer 38(t) was designed around the chassis of the Czech-built LT-38 tank and was built from November 1943 to February 1944, entering service in 1944. As the vehicle used the 38(t) Ausf M chassis, the engine was near the middle of the vehicle, and the armament was placed at the rear in a specially designed armoured section. The upper part folding down to allow 360-degree traverse at low elevation. During World War II, a total of 141 Flakpanzer 38(t)s were built, including the single prototype vehicle.
The Flakpanzer 38(t) was intended to be issued to the anti-aircraft platoon of each tank battalion (Panzer Abteilung) in a Panzer division. Most of the Flakpanzer 38(t)s were issued to Panzer Divisions on the Western Front, the remainder served on the Eastern Front. An example user being the 12th SS Panzer Division.
Later in the war, the Flakpanzer 38(t)'s single 2 cm FlaK main armament was no longer sufficient to ward off enemy aircraft, and it became easy prey for Allied fighter-bombers.
As its folding superstructure allowed a very low (-5°) elevation the Flakpanzer 38(t) was often used against enemy infantry and unarmoured or lightly armoured vehicles.
Today, four complete vehicles exist, having been recovered from a French scrapyard in Trun, Normandy. They went to the following museums.
- Bayeux memorial
- Musee Automobiles de Normandie, Cleres (Now believed to be in private hands in the UK)
- Saumur armour museum
- Becker private collection
- Chamberlain, Peter; Hilary L. Doyle and Thomas L. Jentz (Technical Editor) (1978 (revised edition 1993)). Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two: A Complete Illustrated Directory of German Battle Tanks, Armoured Cars, Self-propelled Guns, and Semi-tracked Vehicles, 1933–1945. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-214-6.
- Ledwoch, J. (Shackleton, M. J. edited). Armour in Focus: Flakpanzer 38 (t) SBN 10: 8372190267 / ISBN 13: 9788372190260
|Flakpanzer 38(t) |