Flame & Citron
|Flame & Citron|
|Directed by||Ole Christian Madsen|
|Produced by||Lars Bredo Rahbek|
|Written by||Ole Christian Madsen
Lars K. Andersen
|Language||Danish / German|
Flame & Citron (Danish: Flammen & Citronen) is a 2008 Danish drama/action co-written and directed by Ole Christian Madsen. The film, a fictionalized account based on fact, is about two Danish resistance movement fighters nicknamed Flame and Citron, during the Nazi occupation of Denmark in World War II. The most expensive Danish film produced to that date, it was highly successful at the box office and won numerous awards.
Set in 1943 and 1944 during World War II, the film is loosely based on historic events featuring two of the most active fighters in the Holger Danske resistance group during World War II: the red-haired Bent Faurschou-Hviid (known as Flammen, played by Thure Lindhardt) and Jørgen Haagen Schmith (known as Citron, played by Mads Mikkelsen), who both were killed toward the end of the war. As the two friends assassinate Danish Nazis and collaborators, they become involved in increasing ambiguity.
Before 1944, they kill only Danes, to reduce widespread retaliation by the Nazis. Winther, claiming orders from the government in exile in London, orders them to kill prominent Nazi officials. Doubt arises, and Flame and Citron must also deal with competing resistance groups, an internal traitor, and a femme fatale (played by Stine Stengade) who might be a double (or triple) agent. Ultimately, they find that they can only trust each another.
- Thure Lindhardt as Bent Faurschou-Hviid, also known as Flammen
- Mads Mikkelsen as Jørgen Haagen Schmith, also known as Citron
- Stine Stengade as Ketty Selmer, femme fatale
- Peter Mygind as Aksel Winther, the handler
- Mille Lehfeldt as Bodil
- Christian Berkel as Hoffmann, leader of the Gestapo
- Hanns Zischler as Gilbert, a German colonel
- Claus Østergaard as Bananen
- Flemming Enevold as Spex
- Lars Mikkelsen as Frode Jacobsen, also known as Ravnen
- Jesper Christensen as Flammen's father
The title is made up of the nicknames of the two main characters. Flammen refers to the colour of Bent Faurschou-Hviid's copper red hair, after he tried to dye his brown hair blond for disguise. Citronen (Danish for Lemon) was nicknamed in part because he worked at the Citroën motor-car company in Copenhagen, where he sabotaged numerous German cars and trucks.
Filming took place at the Babelsberg Studios in Potsdam-Babelsberg, Germany, and large parts of the film were also shot at locations in Copenhagen and Prague. With a budget of more than 46 million Danish kroner (or 6.16 million Euros), the movie is one of the most expensive Danish language movies ever.
Director Ole Christian Madsen has said that he was influenced by the style and perspective of Jean-Pierre Melville's classic Army of Shadows (1969), about the French Resistance, in making his own film.
The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 87% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 69 reviews. Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 74 out of 100, based on 20 reviews.
Awards and nominations
|2009||Bodil Awards||Best Actor||Thure Lindhardt||Nominated|
|Best Cinematography||Jørgen Johansson||Won|
|Best Danish Film||Ole Christian Madsen||Nominated|
|2008||European Film Awards||Best Actor||Thure Lindhardt||Nominated|
|2008||International Film Festival of Marrakech||Golden Star||Ole Christian Madsen||Nominated|
|2009||Robert Awards||Best Actor||Thure Lindhardt||Nominated|
|Best Cinematography||Jørgen Johansson||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Manon Rasmussen||Won|
|Best Director||Ole Christian Madsen||Nominated|
|Best Editor||Søren B. Ebbe||Nominated|
|Best Film||Ole Christian Madsen (director) and Lars Bredo Rahbek (producer)||Nominated|
|Best Make-Up||Jens Bartram and Sabine Schumann||Won|
|Best Original Score||Karsten Fundal||Nominated|
|Best Production Design||Jette Lehmann||Won|
|Best Screenplay||Lars Andersen and Ole Christian Madsen||Nominated|
|Best Sound||Hans Møller||Won|
|Best Special Effects||Hummer Høimark, Jonas Drehn and Thomas Busk||Won|
|Best Supporting Actor||Mads Mikkelsen||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Stine Stengade||Nominated|
|2008||Valladolid International Film Festival||Golden Spike||Ole Christian Madsen||Nominated|
|2009||Zulu Awards||Best Actor||Thure Lindhardt||Won|
|Best Film||Ole Christian Madsen||Won|
|Best Supporting Actor||Peter Mygind||Won|
- Morten Piil (2008). Gyldendals danske filmguide (in Danish). Gyldendal A/S. pp. 169–. ISBN 978-87-02-06669-2.
- Dargis, Manohla (2009-07-31). "The Impure Morality of Nazi Resistance". The New York Times.
- Fyens Stiftstidende. "Flammen og Citronen hitter" (in Danish). Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- "Flammen - stikkernes værste fjende" (in Danish). Retrieved 2008-08-16.
- "Citronen - modstandskampens altmuligmand" (in Danish). Retrieved 2008-08-16.
- "Flammen & Citronen (Flame & Citron) (The Flame and the Lemon) (2008)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- "Flame and Citron". Metacritic. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- "2009". Bodilpris (in Danish). Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "2008: The Nominations". European Film Academy. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "Films en compétition". Fondation du Festival International du Film de Marrakech (in French). Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- Pham, Annika. "Terribly Happy and Flame & Citron top Robert contenders". Cineuropa. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "More Laurels To Flame & Citron". Nordisk Film & TV Fond. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2012.