|New Netherland series|
|The Patroon System|
|Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions|
|Directors of New Netherland:|
|People of New Netherland|
The neighborhood borders are roughly defined by Avenue H to the north, Avenue U to the south, Ralph Avenue to the east, Flatbush Avenue to the southwest and Nostrand Avenue to the northwest. Originally inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans and settled in 1623 by Francophone Walloons, Flatlands was given the right to local rule in 1661 by Peter Stuyvesant as one of the five Dutch Towns on Long Island.
Prior to English rule, Flatlands was known as Nieuw Amesfoort (named after the Dutch city of Amersfoort) and was established as a farming community when, in 1636, Andries Hudde and Wolphert Gerritsz bought 15,000 acres of land centered around what is now the intersection of Kings Highway and Flatbush Avenue. Crops typically grown in the area were beans, corn, marsh hay, squash, potato bean and tobacco. Oysters and clams were also farmed and harvested from Jamaica Bay, surrounding marshes and basins. The amount of farming done in the area also made Niew Amersfoort a slave town by necessity until the state declared emancipation of all slaves in 1827, after which black laborers took up farming jobs, many times on the farms they worked on as slaves. Historic homes dated to the 18th century include the Stoothoff-Baxter-Kouwenhaven House and Joost Van Nuyse House. Other historic structures are the Hendrick I. Lott House (East 36th Street between Fillmore Ave and Ave. S, built around 1720), which was a stop on the Underground Railroad, and the Flatlands Dutch Reformed Church.
The town’s growth and development came late because of a lack of a transit system or set of roads connecting it with other parts of Brooklyn. The Junction, at Flatbush Avenue and Nostrand Avenue later replaced the town center, and the 2 5 trains at Flatbush Avenue station under the Junction made it easier to get to and from Flatlands.
No New York City Subway service runs into Flatlands. However, many residents live within walking distance of the IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (2 5 trains) which terminates at the junction of Flatbush and Nostrand Avenues; others use buses to get to the BMT Brighton Line (B Q trains) or the BMT Canarsie Line (L train). Local and express buses are also used as a means of travel in and around the area. As of June 2013[update], the buses that serve Flatlands are the B2, B3, B6, B7, B9, B41, B44, B44 SBS, B46, B47, B82, B100, B103, BM1, BM2, and Q35.
The total population of Flatlands is roughly 64,762 people as of the year 2010. Household income is $75,949, almost thirteen thousand dollars higher than the average total income for Brooklyn.
- Peter Stuyvesant (1612-1672)
- Chris Mullin (born 1963), former NBA basketball player, was born and raised in Flatlands.
- Roy DeMeo (1942-1983), Gambino Crime Family member
- Steven Van Voorhees (1600-1684), magistrate, first Voorhees in America
- Brooklyn Community Boards, New York City. Accessed December 31, 2007.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- New York Times article on Flatlands
- History of Flatlands including early Dutch settlers
- The Neighborhoods of Brooklyn, ISBN 0-300-07752-1
- Guide to New York City Landmarks, ISBN 0-471-18289-3