# Flatness (mathematics)

In mathematics, the flatness (symbol: ) of a surface is the degree to which it approximates a mathematical plane. The term is often generalized for higher-dimensional manifolds to describe the degree to which they approximate the Euclidean space of the same dimensionality. (See curvature.)

Flatness in homological algebra and algebraic geometry means, of an object $A$ in an abelian category, that $- \otimes A$ is an exact functor. See flat module or, for more generality, flat morphism.