Fleckvieh cattle started in 1830 when original Simmental Cattle from Switzerland were imported to Bavaria and to Austria to improve the local dual-purpose breeds. At these times, the Simmental cattle were famous for their milk production and draught capacity but were late maturing with little depth and coarse bones. In 1920 the herd-book in Southern Germany was closed and the Fleckvieh was developed as an independent dual-purpose breed in Southern Germany, Austria, later also in parts of Italy and France.
The breeding aims now are focused on a "middle of the road type animal" with excellent muscling, good milk production and draught performance. Therefore an excellent performance testing system and a strict breeding programme exists. This systematic improvement of the production traits makes Fleckvieh a modern, high productive dual purpose breed that fits the economical needs of today.
- World Simmental-Fleckvieh-Federation
- European Fleckvieh Association (German language)
- Fleckvieh-Association Switzerland (German language
- Fleckvieh-Association Germany (with photographs)
- CESTR-Czech Republic Fleckvieh Association (Czech language)
- Bavarian Fleckvieh Genetics München Grub (German language)
- Composite Dairy Cattle Registry, USA
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