Fleet Marston shown within Buckinghamshire
|Population||47 (Mid-2010 pop est)|
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Fleet Marston|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Fleet Marston is a civil parish and deserted medieval village in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England. It is to the west of Aylesbury. The main A41 between Aylesbury and Waddesdon runs through the middle of the parish.
The toponym "Marston" is derived from the Old English for "marsh farm". The prefix "Fleet" refers to a stream in the parish, and was added to distinguish the village from nearby North Marston. The Domesday Book of 1086 records the village as Mersetone. In the 13th century the village name was recorded as Flettemerstone.
There is evidence that there has been a church in Fleet Marston since at least 1223, although the main building appears to be of 14th century design. Existing church records date back to 1630. Some buildings in the village, including Fleet Marston Farm, date from the 17th century. Shortly after his ordination as deacon in 1725 John Wesley is known to have preached his first sermon at Fleet Marston. The manor referred to in the below entry stood near the church, and was demolished in 1772. In 1806 Magna Britannia described Fleet Marston as follows:
FLEET-MARSTON, in the hundred of Ashendon and deanery of Waddesdon, lies about three miles from Aylesbury, on the road to Bicester. The manor, which was for many years in the Lees, has been lately purchased of their representative, Lord Dillon, by James Dupré esq. of Wilton Park. The advowson of the rectory being then the property of John Tirrel-Morin esq. was advertised for sale in the month of May 1805.
By 1851 the parish was already in decline. The religious census of 1851 recorded that the population of the village was 30, with just 8 attending church on Sunday 30th March. By 1871 the population had reduced to 23, living in 5 houses.
Little remains of the village today. To the south of the parish is the farm at Putlowes and Putlowes Cottages just to the south west of the A41. In the centre of the parish, just to the north east of the A41 are some smaller farms and the redundant St. Mary's parish church. To the north of the parish are Fleet Marston Farm (incorporating the farm shop), Fleet Marston Cottages and Lower Fleetmarston Farm. The latter can only be accessed via the Berryfields Road in Quarrendon parish (another deserted village). In all the parish has an area of 934 acres (378 ha).
The main line railway, the Great Central and Metropolitan Joint line ran through the parish though this has long since been downgraded to a single, freight only line. However Chiltern Railways recently extended the line running from London Marylebone to Aylesbury. The line now runs to a new station, Aylesbury Vale Parkway, which is near Fleet Marston.
- "Civil Parish population estimates in England and Wales, mid-2010". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- "Fleet Marston". Genuki. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
- Page, W.H., ed. (1927). A History of the County of Buckingham, Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 74–76.
- "Rectors of the Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin, Fleet Marston". Genuki. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
- St Mary's Church, Fleet Marston, Buckinghamshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 1 April 2011
- Oxford: Home of the "first rise" of Methodism, Methodist Recorder Online, retrieved 1 April 2011
- Legg, Edward, ed. (1991). Buckinghamshire Religious Census 1851. Aylesbury: Buckinghamshire Record Society. p. 79.
- "Fleet Marston Buckinghamshire". visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1973) . Buckinghamshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 136. ISBN 0-14-071019-1.
Media related to Fleet Marston at Wikimedia Commons