Flemingston

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Flemingston
Flemingston Village, Vale of Glamorgan - geograph.org.uk - 858196.jpg
Flemingston is located in Vale of Glamorgan
Flemingston
Flemingston
 Flemingston shown within the Vale of Glamorgan
Principal area Vale of Glamorgan
Ceremonial county South Glamorgan
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district CF
Police South Wales
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Vale of Glamorgan
Welsh Assembly Vale of Glamorgan
List of places
UK
Wales
Vale of Glamorgan

Coordinates: 51°25′30″N 3°25′05″W / 51.42492°N 3.418101°W / 51.42492; -3.418101

Flemingston (also Lanmihangel y Twyn, or Treffelemin, or Michaelston Le Mont, or Flimstone) is a small village in the Vale of Glamorgan in south Wales. It is located 8.5 miles (13.7 km) northwest by road from the town centre of Barry.[1] It contains the Church of St. Michael the Archangel, the ruins of Flemingston Court, and Flemingston Manor or Grange, all of which are listed buildings. Historically, the parish of Flemingston was a sub-manor of Aberthaw or St Athan.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Flemingston village derives its name from the family of Fleming, who possessed St.George's castle and lordship. Its ancient name in Welsh is Lanmihangel y Twyn, or as it was afterwards called, Michaelston Le Mont.[3]

History[edit]

The Fleming family descended from Sir John le Fleming.[4] Robert Fitzhamon is said to have bestowed upon him the manors of St. George, Wenvoe, Flemingston, and Llanmaes. Fleming was married to Amicia, daughter of Baldwin Magnus, Lord of Whitney. Fleming gave the manors of Flemingston and Constantine Walles to a younger son. In 1317, Flemingston was held by Philip le Fleming. It continued in his descendants until, on failure of issue male, William Fleming sold the estate to Lewis Thomas of Bettws;[5] while an alternate account states that the le Fleming line ended in an heiress, who married a Thomas, of Llanfihangel, through whom a sale of the property was made to the Wyndhams of Dunraven.[2]

In 1801, the population amounted to 66 residents. A Topographical Dictionary of The Dominion of Wales (1811) by Nicholas Carlisle described Flemingston as belonging to what is now called the Hundred of Cowbridge, within the County of Glamorgan. Thomas Wyndham was the patron of the rectory, and the village church was dedicated to St. Michael. The John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72) states that the Flemingston parish was within the Bridgend district or Glamorgan. The population included approximately 63 residents, and there were ten houses. Flemingston was described as being one estate, the manor belonging to Sir John Fleming, one of the twelve knights who came in with Fitzhamon in the time of William Rufus. The rectory, part of the diocese of Llandaff had a patron, the Earl of Dunraven.[6]

Geography[edit]

The village is approximately 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south-southeast from Cowbridge, 9.25 miles (14.89 km) south-southwest of Llantrisant, 2 miles (3.2 km) north of St Athan, and it is also north of Eglwys Brewis and RAF St Athan. Flemingston is connected to the villages of St Mary Church, Vale of Glamorgan and St Hilary, Vale of Glamorgan to the north; and Tre-Aubrey and Llantrithyd to the northeast. The River Thaw flows to the east across Flemingston Moor; excavations on the moor have unearthed some pottery dated to the 12th-13th centuries.[7] The Nant y Stepsau also flows to the southwest.[8] In the 19th century, Flemingston parish was approximately 600[6] or 672[9] acres in size.

Notable landmarks[edit]

The following landmarks are listed historic buildings:[10] Church of St. Michael the Archangel (grade II*), Flemingston Court Farmhouse (II*), Detached Kitchen at Flemingston Court (II), Garden Wall and House Ruins at Flemingston Manor (II), Combination farm buildings at Flemingston Court Farm (II), Telephone Call-Box north of parish church (II) and Gregory Farm / Yr Hen Fferm Dy (II).

Church
Church of St. Michael the Archangel

This stone church with a slate roof was built upon 11th century foundations. Although most of the church dates to the 19th century, some remains of the 14th-century church remain.[7] It became a Grade II* listed building on June 18, 2002. The church contains a monumental stone slab bearing a full-length effigy of a lady, probably dating from the 14th century. The name "Elizabeth" can be made out, and she may be a member of the Fleming family.[11] Some castle remains adjoin the churchyard.[6]

Dwellings
Flemingston Court and Garden Wall

Flemingston Court dates to the first half of the 16th century and possibly functioned as a rectory or steward or farm manager's house. Flemingston Court Farmhouse dates to the 16th century and is a two-storey rubble and slate roof building. It contains eaves, gables, stone end stacks, a font stack, and an exposed chimney breast. Additional features are its windows, casements, moulded stone mullions, and drip-moulds. It became a Grade II* listed building on June 18, 2002. Its barn dates to the mid 19th century. The detached kitchen building, which became a Grade II listed building on June 18 2003, dates to the early 16th century and may have been part of a later 17th-century renovation.[7]

Yr Hen Fferm Dy

Yr Hen Fferm Dy, also known as Gregory Farm, has a white painted rubble farmhouse dated to the 17th century but refashioned in the 18th and 19th centuries.[7] It became a Grade II listed building on June 18, 2007. The rectory is located in the northern part of the village in a wooded garden and dates to the 19th century.[7] Rose Cottage is dated to the 16th or 17th century, built from rubble stone, with a thatched roof and "eyebrow windows".[7]

Notable people[edit]

The poet, Iolo Morganwg (Edward Williams; 1747-1826), was from Flemingston.[12][13] Homeschooled by his mother, he learned to read by watching his father carve words on tombstones.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Maps. Maps (Map).
  2. ^ a b Green, Charles Alfred Howell (1906). Notes on churches in the Diocese of Llandaff (PUblic domain ed.). T.E. Smith. pp. 135–. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Malkin, Benjamin Heath (1807). The scenery, antiquities and biography of South Wales: from materials collected during two excursions in the year 1803 (Public domain ed.). Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme. pp. 195–. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Barfoot, Peter; Wilkes, John (1793). The Universal British Directory of Trade, Commerce, and Manufacture,: Comprehending Lists of the Inhabitants of London, Westminster, and Borough of Southwark; and All the Cities, Towns, and Principal Villages, in England and Wales; with the Mails, and Other Coaches, Stage-waggons, Hoys, Packets, and Trading Vessels. To which is Added, a Genuine Account of the Drawbacks and Duties Chargeable at the Custom-house on All Goods and Merchandize, Imported, Exported, Or Carried Coastwise, with a Particular of the Public Offices of Every Denomination; His Majesty's Court, and Ministers of State; the Peers of the Realm, and Parliament of Great Britain; the Court of Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, Common-council, and Livery, of London; Together with an Historical Detail of the Antiquities, Curiosities, Trade, Polity, and Manufactures, of Each City, Town, and Village. The Whole Comprising a Most Interesting and Instructive History of Great Britain. Volume the second.. London: Printed for the Patentees, at the British Directory Office, Ave Maria-Lane; and sold by Champants and Whitrow, Jewry-Street, Aldgate. pp. 639–. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Nicholas, Thomas (1872). Annals and antiquities of the counties and county families of Wales: containing a record of all ranks of the gentry ... with many ancient pedigrees and memorials of old and extinct families (Public domain ed.). Longmans, Green, Reader. pp. 563–. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c "Flemingston". GENUKI. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Vale of Glamorgan County Treasures:St Athan". Vale of Glamorgan Council. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  8. ^ Ordnance Survey. Street Map (Map). http://streetmap.co.uk/grid/309045_171144_120.
  9. ^ "Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for FLEMINGSTON, or Flimstone". John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72). University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "Listed Buildings". Vale of Glamorgan Council. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  11. ^ Church monuments: journal of the Church Monuments Society, vol. 14 (Church Monuments Society, 1999) pp. 16-17
  12. ^ "Flemingston". Vision of Great Britain. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  13. ^ Baker, Alan R. H.; Butlin, Robin Alan (19 July 1973). Studies of Field Systems in the British Isles. CUP Archive. p. 502. ISBN 978-0-521-20121-6. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  14. ^ Eagle, Dorothy; Carnell, Hilary; Stephens, Meic (1992). The Oxford Illustrated Literary Guide to Great Britain and Ireland. Oxford University Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-19-212988-8. Retrieved 31 May 2012.