Fleur-de-Lys, Malta

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Fleur-de-Lys
Fleur-de-Lis
Administrative Committee
Kumitat Amministrattiv Fleur-de-Lys
Flag of Fleur-de-Lys
Flag
Coat of arms of Fleur-de-Lys
Coat of arms
Fleur-de-Lys is located on the border between Birkirkara (shaded red) and Santa Venera
Fleur-de-Lys is located on the border between Birkirkara (shaded red) and Santa Venera
Country  Malta
Island Malta
Suburb of BirkirkaraHTML.png Birkirkara
Government
 • Chairperson Ronald Briffa (PN)
Population
 • Total 2,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code BKR
Dialing code 356
Patron saint Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Day of festa 5 July
Website http://fleurdelys.org.mt/

Fleur-de-Lys is a suburb that forms part of Birkirkara, and it is also considered a suburb of Santa Venera and Qormi. It lies approximately 5 kilometers away from Malta's capital, Valletta. The population of Fleur-de-Lys is about 2000 people and the area is very small.

History[edit]

Wignacourt Aqueduct[edit]

Fleur-de-Lys' origins date back to the early 17th century. In 1610, Grandmaster Alof de Wignacourt financed the building of the Wignacourt Aqueduct to transport water from springs in Rabat and Dingli to the capital Valletta. The Aqueduct was finished in 1615, and an ornamental gateway was built where it crossed the road. This had three sculpted fleurs-de-lis on top, as they were the heraldic symbols of de Wignacourt. The suburb was later named after these heraldic symbols on the arch.

During the Second World War, the archway was severely damaged when it was hit by an RAF lorry in 1943 and a truck in 1944. The ruined archway was demolished and the stones were stored and numbered at the PWD. A roundabout was later built in its place. In 2012, plans were made to build a replica of the arch, but works stopped due to a conflict on what to name the replica arch with the Fleur-de-Lys Administrative Committee and the Birkirkara Local Council against the Santa Venera Local Council.[1][2]

Development of the suburb[edit]

After the building of the Aqueduct, a number of farmers settled in the area. For many years the only buildings were a few farmhouses surrounded by a lot of fields. In 1928, Farsons Brewery was opened in Mrieħel, an area close to Fleur-de-Lys.

Fleur-de-Lys only began to develop in the Second World War. Many refugees from the Grand Harbour area fled to rural areas including Fleur-de-Lys after the Harbour area was devastated by bombs. By 1941 the British had built Fleur de Lys Battery in the area armed with anti-aircraft artillery. Various government offices were transferred to Fleur-de-Lys in the 1940s as well. After the war the area grew into a small suburb.

In 1946, the church dedicated to Our Lady of Mount Carmel was inaugurated. It became autonomous from Santa Venera in 1949 and became a parish in 1975. Other chapels were later built in Fleur-de-Lys, including those in the Sisters of the Sacred Heart Convent and the one in the private school of St Monica.[3]

Nowadays the suburb contains many small shops, a small parish church and a BOV bank. The main road, Fleur-de-Lys Road, is now a major artery to Malta's local traffic system.[4]

The Fleur-de-Lys Administrative Committee was created in December 1999 by an amendment to the Local Councils Act of 1993.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fleur-de-Lys arch to be rebuilt. Times of Malta, 9 April 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  2. ^ Councils clash over name of replica arch. Times of Malta, 22 September 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  3. ^ Fleur-De-Lys. Malta-Canada.com. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  4. ^ Fleur-de-Lys. Fleur-de-Lys Administrative Committee, 18 November 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2014.

Coordinates: 35°54′N 14°28′E / 35.900°N 14.467°E / 35.900; 14.467