Flexor pollicis brevis muscle
|Flexor pollicis brevis muscle|
The muscles of the left hand. Palmar surface. (Flexor pollicis brevis visible at center right, near thumb.)
|Latin||musculus flexor pollicis brevis|
|Origin||trapezium, flexor retinaculum|
|Insertion||thumb, proximal phalanx|
|Artery||Superficial palmar arch|
|Nerve||Recurrent branch of the median nerve, deep branch of ulnar nerve (medial head)|
|Actions||Flexes the thumb at the first metacarpophalangeal joint|
|Antagonist||Extensor pollicis longus and brevis|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
The flexor pollicis brevis is a muscle in the hand that flexes the thumb. It is one of three thenar muscles. It has both a superficial part and a deep part.
Origin and insertion
The muscle's superficial part arises from the distal edge of the flexor retinaculum and the tubercle of the trapezium, a bone in the wrist. It passes along the radial side of the tendon of the flexor pollicis longus, and, becoming tendinous, is inserted into the radial side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb; in its tendon of insertion there is a sesamoid bone.
The deeper (and medial) portion of the muscle is very small, and arises from the ulnar side of the first metacarpal bone between the oblique part of the adductor pollicis and the lateral head of the first dorsal interosseous muscle, and is inserted into the ulnar side of the base of the first phalanx with the adductor pollicis.
The deep (medial) part of the flexor brevis pollicis is sometimes described as the first palmar interosseous muscle. When this muscle is included, the total number of palmar interossei is four. Otherwise, there are only three palmar interossei.
The flexor pollicis brevis receives its blood supply from the superficial palmar branches of radial artery.