Flexor retinaculum of foot

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Ligament: Flexor retinaculum of foot
Latin Retinaculum musculorum flexorum pedis, ligamentum laciniatum
Gray's p.489
From tibial malleolus
To margin of the calcaneus
Dorlands/Elsevier r_10/12706100

The laciniate ligament (internal annular ligament, flexor retinaculum of foot) is a strong fibrous band, extending from the tibial malleolus above to the margin of the calcaneus below, converting a series of bony grooves in this situation into canals for the passage of the tendons of the Flexor muscles and the posterior tibial vessels and tibial nerve into the sole of the foot.

It is continuous by its upper border with the deep fascia of the leg, and by its lower border with the plantar aponeurosis and the fibers of origin of the Abductor hallucis muscle.

Enumerated from the medial side, the four canals which it forms transmit the tendon of the Tibialis posterior; the tendon of the Flexor digitorum longus; the posterior tibial vessels and tibial nerve, which run through a broad space beneath the ligament; and lastly, in a canal formed partly by the talus, the tendon of the Flexor hallucis longus.

The entrapment of the tibial nerve beneath the flexor retinaculum causes the tarsal tunnel syndrome, characterized by pain, numbness and tingling of the medial plantar surface of the foot. The situation is aggravated by standing and walking, and often worse at night.[1]


  1. ^ Fowler, Timothy J.; Scadding, John W. Clinical Neurology (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 60. ISBN 0-340-80798-9. 

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This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.