Flims

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Flims
Flims - Flims Dorf under "Flimserstein"
Flims Dorf under "Flimserstein"
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Flims
Canton Graubünden
District Imboden
46°50′N 9°17′E / 46.833°N 9.283°E / 46.833; 9.283Coordinates: 46°50′N 9°17′E / 46.833°N 9.283°E / 46.833; 9.283
Population 2,643 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 52 /km2 (136 /sq mi)
Area 50.51 km2 (19.50 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,081 m (3,547 ft)
Postal code 7017-7019
SFOS number 3732
Surrounded by Elm (GL), Laax, Pfäfers (SG), Sagogn, Trin, Valendas, Versam
Website www.gemeindeflims.ch
SFSO statistics
Flims is located in Switzerland
Flims
Flims

Flims (Romansh: Flem) is a municipality in the district of Imboden in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. The town of Flims is dominated by the Flimserstein which you can see from almost anywhere in the area.

Flims consists of the village of Flims (called Flims Dorf) and the hamlets of Fidaz and Scheia as well as Flims-Waldhaus, the initial birthplace of tourism in Flims, where most of the hotels were built before and after around 1900.

Flims Waldhaus

Geography[edit]

Flims has an area of 50.5 km2 (19.5 sq mi). Of this area, 33.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 28.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (33.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

Glarus Thrust world heritage at Piz Dolf and Piz Segnas
Rhine cutting through Flims Rockslide debris

The municipality is located in the Trin sub-district, of the Imboden district. Flims is located on a terrace north of the Rhine valley, forming the Ruinaulta gorge here. The country-side has numerous streams and lakes north of the village, from which the name derives; "fluminae" in Latin means "many streams". The main river is called Flem while Caumasee and Crestasee to the south of the town do not have tributaries for lying in the debris area of prehistoric Flims Rockslide, where the landscape is very rough and completely forested as there was no agriculture possible ever.

The lowest point of the municipality is at the Rhine river in the Ruinaulta at 630 meters, while Piz Segnas reaches 3099 m. Both Piz Segnas and neighbouring Piz Dolf show the line of the Glarus thrust in its upper part, now a UNESCO world heritage. The easiest access to the area is an aerial cableway to Fil de Cassons from Flims or any of various hikes to this ridge lying southeast of Piz Dolf. One route uses the ascent via Val Bargis, a wild valley running around Flimserstein.[4]

History[edit]

Flims is first mentioned in 765 as Fleme.[5]

Into the 1990s, Flims dairymen delivered their milk to a dairy store in town from which villagers collected their raw or pasteurized milk daily. The location of the store is now being used as tourist information centre and the milk is being treated elsewhere. The small, quiet village was traditionally a winter home for dairymen whose animals grazed on the lush green slopes of summer. Cabins reminiscent of Heidi still dot the hillsides and ski slopes of Weisse Arena. The dairymen's winter homes are easily identified by their structure which includes stalls on ground level, home on upper level. The style allowed for rising heat from the animals to help heat the home during bitter winter months.

In 1877, in the Belle Époque, the first hotel for recreation opened, the Park Hotel. The hotel also took over the lake Caumasee and built swimming baths. In 1940 the first purpose built holiday homes were built, nowadays more than half of all flats and homes are being used for recreation purposes.

Ancient Flims was populated since the Bronze Age, the remains of a medieval castle (Burg Belmont) can be reached by foot from the end of the public road at Fidaz within 40 minutes.

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (80.0%), with Romansh being second most common ( 6.7%).[3]

Languages in Flims
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 1439 67.0  % 1802 80.0% 2038 80.0%
Romansh 432 20.0  % 200 9.0% 171 7.0%
Italian 91 4.0  % 62 3.0% 60 3.0%
Population 2136 100% 2258 100% 2549 100%

Weather[edit]

The Swiss climate is generally temperate, with a peak of precipitation in summer. The wettest month is August during which time Flims receives an average of 128 mm (5.0 in) of precipitation falling for an average of 12.8 days. The driest month of the year is October with an average of 82 mm (3.2 in) of precipitation over 12.8 days.[6] From October to March a lot of Switzerland suffers from fog, which does not reach Flims normally. During this period weather can remain stable for weeks and temperatures are often inverted, which means that modestly higher areas such as Flims are actually warmer than lower lying areas.

Sports[edit]

Originally growing as a summer spa town in a distinctly wind sheltered and wide open area, especially since the building of big Hotels from 1877 on, it is nowadays also famous for winter sports (mainly skiing and snowboarding) and is now part of the Weisse Arena resort which combines the formerly separate resorts of Flims, Laax and Falera. It is regular host to international competitions such as the FIS World Championship in skiing and the Burton European Open in snowboarding. In 2004 the resort was featured in the popular Xbox snowboarding video game, Amped 2, and then in 2005 in the sequel Amped 3 on the Xbox 360. Due to the easy access the Weisse Arena cable-cars provide to the mountains, the town has become a popular winter and summer tourist locale.

Today Flims is a year round resort popular not only with winter sports of snowboarding, cross country skiing, downhill skiing and sledding, but also summer sports including hiking, rock climbing, paragliding, mountain biking and swimming in Caumasee, a spring-fed, iridescent-blue-water lake. The area of Conn is a good point of view over the Ruinaulta (Rhine gorge), an impressive rafting and canoeing aera. There are annual figure skating camps run by Viktor Kudriavtsev and Marina Kudriatseva. Skaters who have been regulars at the camps include Swiss national team members Jamal Othman, Sarah Meier, and Stéphane Lambiel, as well as international skaters Evan Lysacek, Gregor Urbas, Karel Zelenka, Kiira Korpi, and Ari-Pekka Nurmenkari.

Skiing area
Flims mountains from left: 7 peaks of "Tschingelhörner", Piz Segnas (highest on horizon), Piz Dolf and Fil de Cassons

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Schlössli or Rathaus (town council building) in Flims

The Schlössli in Flims is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[7] The mountains north of Flims are listed as an UNESCO world heritage site for their visibility of tectonic activity.

Demographics[edit]

Flims Swiss Reformed Church
Flims Catholic Church

Flims has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 2,643.[1] As of 2008, 19.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 8%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.1% male and 49.9% female.[8] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Flims is; 219 people or 8.6% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 138 people or 5.4% are 10 to 14, and 184 people or 7.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 371 people or 14.6% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 443 people or 17.4% are 30 to 39, 354 people or 13.9% are 40 to 49, and 338 people or 13.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 245 people or 9.6% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 147 people or 5.8% are 70 to 79, there are 90 people or 3.5% who are 80 to 89, and there are 20 people or 0.8% who are 90 to 99.[9]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 33.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (32.8%), the SPS (20.2%) and the CVP (12.3%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Flims about 71.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Flims has an unemployment rate of 2.25%. As of 2005, there were 73 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 27 businesses involved in this sector. 205 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 33 businesses in this sector. 1,156 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 179 businesses in this sector.[3]

From the 2000 census, 932 or 36.6% are Roman Catholic, while 1,239 or 48.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 63 individuals (or about 2.47% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 7 individuals (or about 0.27% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 35 (or about 1.37% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 9 individuals (or about 0.35% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 148 (or about 5.81% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 116 individuals (or about 4.55% of the population) did not answer the question.[9]

The historical population is given in the following table:[5][8]

Year Population
1850 906
1900 789
1950 1,148
1960 1,444
1970 1,936
1980 2,136
1990 2,258
2000 2,549

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 08-Oct-2009
  4. ^ Hiking Switzerland Graubünden Bargis Fil de Cassons
  5. ^ a b Flims in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1050 meters above sea level.
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 08-Oct-2009
  8. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  9. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Media related to Flims at Wikimedia Commons