Flintshire

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County of Flintshire
Sir y Fflint
Wales Flintshire locator map.svg
Geography
Area
- Total
- % Water
Ranked 12th
438 km²
? %
Admin HQ Mold
ONS code 00NJ
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2011)
- Density
 
Ranked 6th
152,500
Ranked 11th
342 / km²
Ethnicity 97.8% White
1.0% South Asian
Welsh language
- Any skills
Ranked 12th
21.4%
Politics
Flintshire County Council

http://www.flintshire.gov.uk/
Control TBA (council NOC)
MPs
AMs
MEPs Wales

Flintshire (Welsh: Sir y Fflint) is a the most north-easterly county in Wales bordering the English county of Cheshire to the east, Denbighshire to the west and Wrexham County Borough to the south. It is named after the historic county of Flintshire created under Henry VIII in 1536 which had notably different borders. The county is governed by Flintshire County Council.

History[edit]

Early History[edit]

The Domesday Hundreds of Cheshire in 1086. The Hundreds of Atiscross and Exestan later forming the principal area of Flintshire are shown in pink.

Flintshire takes its name from the former county of Flintshire established in 1536 which existed until 1974 when it was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972. Its resurrection in 1996 under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 does not follow those original boundaries but covers a smaller area. Present day Flintshire approximately resembles the boundaries of the ancient Hundreds of Atiscross and Exestan which existed at the time of the Domesday book. These were transferred from the Earldom of Chester to the Kingdom of Gwynedd.[1] in the 13th century. These regions, as well as an exclave formed from part of the Hundred of Dudestan (known as Maelor Saesneg), would later form the principal areas of Flintshire. However some parts of these regions are not included within the present boundaries of Flintshire, significantly English Maelor was incorporated into Wrexham County Borough, and St Asaph into Denbighshire.


Modern History[edit]

The current administrative area of Flintshire (a unitary authority) came into existence in 1996, when the former administrative county of Clwyd was split into three smaller areas. The principal area was formed by the merger of the Alyn and Deeside and Delyn districts. In terms of pre-1974 divisions, the area comprises

The district of Rhuddlan, which was also formed entirely from the administrative county of Flintshire was included in the new Denbighshire instead. Other parts of the pre-1974 administrative Flintshire to be excluded from the principal area are the Maelor Rural District and the parish of Marford and Hoseley, which became part of the Wrexham Maelor district in 1974 and are now part of Wrexham County Borough.

Geography[edit]

See List of places in Flintshire for a list of towns and villages.

Flintshire borders Wrexham, Denbighshire, and the English counties of Merseyside (across the River Dee) and Cheshire.

Railways[edit]

Located on the North Wales Coast Line with services run by Virgin Trains and Arriva Trains Wales specifically calling at Flintshire stations such as Flint and Shotton with an interchange with the Borderlands Line. The Borderlands line link other Flintshire stations into the Liverpool area.

Industry[edit]

Parts of Flintshire have major manufacturing industries. Amongst these are a very advanced Toyota plant that manufactures engines, a TATA steelworks and Shotton Paper, and Airbus, making the wings for the A330 and the A380 at Broughton.

There are daily flights of the Airbus Beluga transport aircraft of Airbus wings from Broughton for the smaller aircraft. The wings for the A380, which are too large to be transported by air use a multi-modal transport using Flintshire's roads, the River Dee and the port of Mostyn, also in Flintshire.

Flintshire is also known for its internet companies, the largest and most well known being Moneysupermarket.com based in Ewloe.

Fairtrade[edit]

On 19 November 2004, Flintshire was granted Fairtrade County status.

Education[edit]

Flintshire County Council is the Local Education Authority of Flintshire. It runs 72 primary schools, 2 special schools and 12 secondary schools.

Four of the secondary schools have come together with Coleg Cambria to form the Deeside Consortium.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harris & Thacker (1987, pp. 340–341)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]