Flintshire (historic)

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Flintshire
Welsh: Sir y Fflint
WalesFlintshireTrad.png
Ancient extent of Flintshire
Area
 - 1831 184,905 acres (748.28 km2)
Population
 - 1831 60,012[1]
Density
 - 1831 0.32
History
 - Created 1284
Status Ceremonial county (until 1974)
Administrative county (1889–1974)
Chapman code FLN
Government Flintshire County Council (1889-1974)
 - HQ Flint

Flintshire (Welsh: Sir y Fflint), also known as the County of Flint, is one of thirteen historic counties, a vice-county and a former administrative county, which mostly lies on the north east coast of Wales.

Flintshire was notable as having one of the few large county exclaves (an area known as "English Maelor" or "Maelor Saesneg") to survive most of the 20th century.

The administrative county of Flint was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972 on Monday 1 April 1974, becoming part of the new county of Clwyd. The exclaves became part of Wrexham Maelor district - other parts formed the districts of Alyn and Deeside, Delyn and Rhuddlan. A unitary authority, also named Flintshire, was formed in 1996 under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, consisting only of the Alyn and Deeside and Delyn districts - the Wrexham Maelor parts now form part of Wrexham County Borough, with the former Rhuddlan district forming the northernmost part of the current Denbighshire unitary authority.

Geography[edit]

The historic county does not have the same boundaries as the current Flintshire; in particular it includes a large exclave called Maelor Saesneg, it also includes Prestatyn, Rhyl and St Asaph which are now part of Denbighshire, as well as Bangor-on-Dee and Overton-on-Dee, which are part of Wrexham. Other exclaves of Flintshire included the manors of Marford and Hoseley, Abenbury Fechan and Bryn Estyn, all on the outskirts of Wrexham, and also a small part of the parish of Erbistock around the Boat Inn. These were all completely surrounded by Denbighshire. Additionally, a small part of Flintshire, including the village of Sealand, was isolated across the River Dee when its course was changed to improve navigation.

The county was formed in 1284 under the terms of the Statute of Rhuddlan and included Cantrefi formerly parts of Gwynedd Is Conwy and Powys Fadog:

It also included the Lordships of Mold, Hawarden, Mostyn and Hope.

Flintshire is a maritime county bounded to the north by the Irish Sea, to the northeast by the Dee estuary, to the east by Cheshire and to the south and southwest by Denbighshire. The Maelor Saesneg was bounded on the northwest by Denbighshire, on the northeast by Cheshire, and on the south by Shropshire.

Flintshire is the smallest historic county in Wales. The coast along the Dee estuary is heavily developed by industry and the north coast much developed for tourism. The Clwydian Mountains occupy much of the west of the county. The highest point is Moel Fammau (1,820 feet / 554 metres). The chief towns are Buckley, Connah's Quay, Flint, Hawarden, Holywell, Mold, Queensferry, and Shotton. The main rivers are the Dee (the estuary of which forms much of the coast) and the Clwyd. The main industries are manufacturing of aircraft components (Airbus), engines (Toyota), paper (Shotton Paper), steel processing (Corus), agriculture and tourism.

Places of special interest include castles in Flint, Hawarden, Rhuddlan and Ewloe, and Wepre Country Park, Connah's Quay.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vision of Britain - 1831 Census

Coordinates: 53°15′N 3°10′W / 53.250°N 3.167°W / 53.250; -3.167