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Flipper at the 9:30 Club, Washington, DC, 1984
|Origin||San Francisco, California, United States|
|Genres||Punk rock, hardcore punk, noise rock, sludge metal|
|Associated acts||The Sleepers
|Past members||Will Shatter
Flipper is a punk band formed in San Francisco, California in 1979, continuing in often erratic fashion until the mid-1990s, then reuniting in 2005. The band influenced a number of grunge, punk rock and noise rock bands. Their slowed-down, bass-driven, and heavily distorted style of punk is also considered a key forerunner to sludge metal and bands such as The Melvins.
Early years (1979-1989) 
Flipper was founded by former members of The Sleepers and Negative Trend. Founding member and original vocalist Ricky Williams, who is credited for naming the band, was fired from the band before any recordings. Bruce Loose and Will Shatter then went on to frequently swap vocal and bass duties, both holding a bass onstage. Vietnam war veteran Ted Falconi played a uniquely distorted style of guitar, and Steve DePace played drums.
Flipper's first recordings appeared in late 1979 on the SF Underground 7" EP released through the newly-formed Subterranean Records, followed by the "Love Canal"/"Ha Ha Ha" 7" single.
Sample of the 1981 Flipper single "Ha Ha Ha." Characteristic of the band, the heavy bass and vocals primarily carry the melody. Also exemplified is Ted Falconi's unique style of distorted guitar playing.
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In 1981, the "Sex Bomb"/"Brainwash" single was released, featured individually hand-made covers. The lengthy a-side, with only minimal lyrics ("She's a sex bomb, my baby, yeah"), gained the band notoriety within the punk community. The original lineup released their first full-length album on Subterranean, 1982's Album – Generic Flipper, containing a new version of "Sex Bomb". It was followed by another single on Subterranean, 1982's "Get Away"/"The Old Lady that Swallowed the Fly".
The band regularly performed in the San Francisco area, attracting a large following. Simultaneously, their uniquely slowed-down and raucous approach to punk managed to infuriate other members of the local punk scene, especially with the burgeoning popularity of faster-paced hardcore punk. Mark Arm claims in the 2003 documentary American Hardcore that Flipper's charm as a band lay in their ability to upset audiences while attracting their undivided attention and curiosity at the same time. The band promoted themselves partly by spray painting "Flipper Rules" around San Francisco.
A followup 1984 Subterranean studio album, Gone Fishin', featured the opening track "The Lights, the Sound, the Rhythm, the Noise" as well as "Survivors of the Plague" and "Sacrifice". The colorful van on the cover, along with figures representing the band and their equipment, could be cut out and folded. Subterranean also offered extra covers through a small mail order fee.
Also in 1984, the ROIR cassette label released a live Flipper document of a CBGB performance titled "Blow'n Chunks", including material from all phases of the band's existence to that date. It became available on CD in 1990. A 2001 reissue includes four outtakes from the live sessions.
Flipper titled their 1986 double live album, Public Flipper Ltd. The album unfolded into a board game with a cutout spinner and game cards with Subterranean once again providing extra covers through mail order.
The original lineup began splintering after a period of touring, and singer and core member Will Shatter died on December 9, 1987 of a drug overdose after forming A3I. Subterranean packaged the band's singles and rarities into the 1987 collection Sex Bomb Baby. The cassette edition and later CD rereleases featured three bonus tracks.
After Will Shatter (1990-1999) 
The band resurfaced in 1990 with a new single on Subterranean, "Some Day"/"Distant Illusion", and began performing again. Nürnberg Fish Trials, another live album, was released in 1991. The band's new lineup released an all-new studio album in 1992, American Grafishy, on Rick Rubin's Def American imprint, which veered into a somewhat new style and was not as well-received as their previous work. After the album was released, replacement bass player John Dougherty died of a drug overdose. In addition to the deaths of Shatter and Dougherty, founding member Ricky Williams also died of a heroin overdose. Loose once commented to SF Weekly on the band's history as "like Spinal Tap, except the bass player keeps dying".
Rick Rubin also reissued Album – Generic Flipper and the singles compilation Sex Bomb Baby on his Infinite Zero label. By 1997, Flipper's music went largely out of print, with Rubin still holding on to the rights, though tentative plans had been made for the band's catalog to be rereleased on Rubin's American Recordings in 2007. As part of a legal settlement, Subterranean Records was awarded the right to reissue its Flipper records on vinyl in the United States.
Reformations (2002-present) 
In 2002, Bruce Loose (using a cane), returned for a one-off gig at Berkeley's 924 Gilman Street space as "Not Flipper".
The original members of Flipper, save for the late Will Shatter (with Bruno DeSmartass again replacing Shatter, as he had done for a 1982 tour), reunited to support CBGB on August 22 and 28, 2005. This lineup then continued to perform live beginning in 2006.
In December 2006, DeSmartass was replaced by Krist Novoselic of grunge band Nirvana on bass for a tour of the UK and Ireland, as well as several US shows.[unreliable source?] The song "Scentless Apprentice", which the band recorded (without Novoselic) for a 2000 Nirvana tribute album, was added to the band's setlist.
In 2008, the band recorded a new album with Novoselic, On May 19, 2009, Flipper released a "twin album" featuring one album, titled Love, of new studio material, and a second live album, titled Fight featuring both old and new songs. Both of these albums were produced by Seattle producer Jack Endino and were well received. However, Novoselic announced his departure from the band in September 2009 due to responsibilities at home, forcing a tour cancellation. He was replaced by Rachel Thoele, formerly of Frightwig, Mudwimin, and Van Gough's Daughter.
Several Flipper albums were reissued during 2008-2009 in a variety of formats. Album – Generic Flipper, Gone Fishin', Public Flipper Limited, and Sex Bomb Baby! were reissued on compact disc by Water Records in the US and Domino Records in the UK, and on vinyl by the Runt imprint 4 Men with Beards.
Influence on other musicians 
Along with Black Flag's My War (1984), Flipper's slowed-down, bass-driven, and heavily distorted style of punk is considered a key forerunner to sludge metal and bands such as The Melvins. Kurt Cobain wore a self-made Flipper t-shirt seen in the booklet pictures of Nirvana's In Utero, on the band's first performance on Saturday Night Live in 1992, and also in the music video for "Come as You Are." Cobain and Nirvana bassist Krist Novoselic cited Flipper as one of their band's influences.
In the documentary American Hardcore, Moby stated that he fronted Flipper for two days while singer Will Shatter was in jail because he "knew all of their songs". The band denies this anecdote, however.
In Get in the Van, his memoir of the early '80s punk rock scene, Henry Rollins of Black Flag described the Flipper experience: "They were just heavy. Heavier than you. Heavier than anything...When they played they were amazing."
The Melvins covered Flipper's song "Sacrifice" on their Lysol album. They have also covered "Way of the World" which appears on the Singles 1-12 compilation. Belgian electronica/industrial band Lords Of Acid covered Flipper's song "Sex Bomb", and released a live version on the 1995 "Do What You Wanna Do" maxi-single. The track starts by Praga Khan giving credit to Flipper. It was later reinterpreted into the Lords' typical style on the 2000 album Farstucker and is a staple of their live shows. Unsane covered the song "Ha Ha Ha" on their 2012 album Wreck.
Studio albums 
|Album – Generic Flipper||1982||Subterranean Records, reissued on Water Records in 2008|
|Gone Fishin'||1984||Subterranean Records, reissued on Water Records in 2008|
|American Grafishy||1993||Def American|
Live albums 
|Public Flipper Limited||1986||Subterranean Records, reissued on Water Records in 2008|
|Nürnberg Fish Trials||1991||Musical Tragedies|
|Live at CBGB's||1997||Overground|
|"Love Canal"/"Ha Ha Ha"||1980||Subterranean Records|
|"Sex Bomb"/"Brainwash"||1981||Subterranean Records|
|"Get Away"/"The Old Lady that Swallowed the Fly"||1982||Subterranean Records|
|"Some Day"/"Distant Illusion"||1990||Subterranean Records|
|"Flipper Twist"/"Fucked Up"||1992||Matador Records/Def American|
|"Sex Bomb Remix"/"Sex Bomb Remix"||1993||Fear and Loathing|
|Sex Bomb Baby||1988||Subterranean Records, reissued on Infinite Zero Archive/American Recordings in 1995, reissued on Water Records in 2008|
|Flipper Live||February 19, 2008||Music Video Distributors|
Other appearances 
- "Earthworm" on SF Underground (1979)
- "Falling", "Lowrider" and "End the Game" on Live at Target (1981)
- "Ha Ha Ha" on Let Them Eat Jellybeans (1981)
- "Sacrifice" on Not So Quiet on the Western Front (1982)
- "Life" on Rat Music for Rat People (1982)
- "Ever" on Eastern Front (1983)
- "Ever" and "Sex Bomb" on The Wanna-Be-an-Indie-But-Got-Too-Much-$ Sampler (1992)
- "Some Day" on SXSW (1993)
- "Love Canal" and "Get Away" on Infinite Zero Promotional CD#2 (1994)
- "Ha Ha Ha" on Old School Punk (1998)
- "Scentless Apprentice" (Nirvana cover) on Smells Like Bleach: A Punk Tribute to Nirvana (2000)
- "Sad But True" on A Punk Tribute to Metallica (2001)
- "Problem Child" (AC/DC cover) on For Those About to Rawk: A Punk Tribute to AC/DC (2002)
- "Ha Ha Ha" on American Hardcore's Official Movie Soundtrack (2006)
- "Hash Pipe" (Weezer cover) on A Punk Tribute to Weezer (2006)
- Seattle Weekly (author: Nirvana's bassist), The Austinist
- "Toiling Midgets". last.fm. Retrieved 2011-11-02. (Click "Read more" to see referenced text)
- Athitakis, Mark (1999-02-10). "Flipper Redux". SFWeekly. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
- Jasmin, Ernest. "Krist Novoselic to play with Flipper". TheNewsTribune.com. September 25, 2006.
- Prato, Greg (4 January 2008). "Flipper Drafts Novoselic For New Album". Billboard. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
- "News Ticker: Radiohead, Aerosmith, War Child and Flipper" (22 September 2008) RollingStone.com.]
- "About Flipper," Flipper MySpace page, Retrieved on January 6, 2009
- Flipper Redux By Mark Athitakis. SF Weekly. February 10, 1999.
- |"Both Krist & Kurt were influenced by Flipper's heavy, raw punk sound. Krist was honored to join Flipper." (quoting homepage of novoselic.com)
- Official Website
- Myspace page
- Flipper/Negative Trend Concert Chronology (archived at Archive.org)
- Band's biography / discography
- Domino Records' Flipper website