Flo & Eddie
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|Flo & Eddie|
Mark Volman ("Flo") [Left] & Howard Kaylan ("Eddie") [Right] in a 2008 tour
|Origin||Los Angeles, California
|Genres||Rock and roll|
|Years active||1965 - present|
|Labels||Reprise, Warner Bros., Columbia|
|Associated acts||The Turtles, The Mothers of Invention, Frank Zappa, Checkpoint Charlie|
The two were the original founding members of the Top 40 rock group The Turtles. After the Turtles dissolved, Volman and Kaylan first joined The Mothers of Invention as Phlorescent Leech & Eddie. Due to contractual restrictions made early in their career, Mark and Howard were prevented from using the name The Turtles, as well as their own names in a musical context. The Phlorescent Leech and Eddie were originally nicknames of two of the Mothers of Invention road crew that the pair appropriated.
When bandleader Frank Zappa was injured during a concert in London in 1971, Kaylan and Volman found themselves at an impasse, as the Mothers of Invention were out of action for a time. They responded to these events by recording The Phlorescent Leech & Eddie on Reprise Records with most of the other members of the Mothers of Invention. Although it failed to chart, they continued releasing albums, including the more successful Flo & Eddie, Illegal, Immoral and Fattening, Moving Targets, and Rock Steady with Flo & Eddie.
During the 1970s, Kaylan and Volman continued to do session work, lending their trademark harmonies to T.Rex, John Lennon, Roger McGuinn, Hoyt Axton, Ray Manzarek, Good Rats, Stephen Stills, Keith Moon, David Cassidy, Alice Cooper, Tonio K, Blondie, Bruce Springsteen, The Knack, The Psychedelic Furs, Sammy Hagar, Livingston Taylor, Burton Cummings, Paul Kantner, Duran Duran, the Ramones and others.. They were the house band for the Canadian TV talk show 90 Minutes Live with Peter Gzowski.
In 1982, they released a four-song EP on Rhino Records (RNEP 603) under the name Checkpoint Charlie. The record is a dark but whimsical take on late 70s / early 80s German synth techno new wave music, such as D.A.F. and Kraftwerk.
In 1984, as The Turtles ...featuring Flo & Eddie, (together with three other groups from the 1960s: Gary Puckett, Spanky and Our Gang, and The Association), they traveled across the US and Canada as "The Happy Together Tour". The following year they got together with The Buckinghams, Gary Lewis and The Grass Roots, for a 1985 version. For the eight months the tour was on the road, it was consistently one of the top 10 grossing tours in the country. During the summers of 2010 and 2011, Flo & Eddie had heavy touring schedules throughout the U.S. both as part of the Happy Together: 25th Anniversary Tour, along with The Grass Roots, Mark Lindsay, The Buckinghams, and Monkees member Micky Dolenz (2010 only).
The comic strip Non Sequitur has two characters named Flo and Eddie. Flo is a waitress of a greasy diner, and Eddie her main customer, who usually tells her and her family outlandish stories.
With Frank Zappa:
- Chunga's Revenge (1970)
- Fillmore East – June 1971 (1971)
- 200 Motels (soundtrack) (1971)
- Just Another Band from L.A. (1972)
- You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 1 (1988)
- You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 3 (1989)
- You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 6 (1992)
- Playground Psychotics (1992)
- Carnegie Hall (2011) [recorded October 11, 1971]
Flo & Eddie:
- The Phlorescent Leech & Eddie (1972) US #211
- Flo & Eddie (1974)
- Illegal, Immoral and Fattening (1975)
- Moving Targets (1976)
- Rock Steady With Flo & Eddie (1981)
- The History of Flo & Eddie and the Turtles (1983)
- The Best of Flo & Eddie (1987)
- The Turtles featuring Flo & Eddie Captured Live! (1992)
- New York "Times" (2009)
Under Other Names:
- Checkpoint Charlie EP (Rhino, RNEP 603) (1982)
- T.Rex – "Get It On (Bang a Gong)" single and "Planet Queen"
- Steely Dan – Everyone's Gone to the Movies (Demo) (1971)
- Ray Manzarek – The Golden Scarab (1973)
- Ray Manzarek – The Whole Thing Started With Rock and Roll & Now It's Out Of Control (1974)
- Roger McGuinn – Peace On You (1974)
- David Cassidy – The Higher They Climb (album) (1975)
- Keith Moon – Two Sides of the Moon (1975)
- Stephen Stills – Illegal Stills (1976)
- Alice Cooper – From the Inside (1978)
- Alice Cooper – Flush the Fashion (1980)
- Bruce Springsteen – "Hungry Heart" from The River (1980)
- Blondie (band) – Autoamerican (1981)
- The Psychedelic Furs – Forever Now (1982)
- Alice Cooper – Zipper Catches Skin (1982)
- Paul Kantner – Planet Earth Rock and Roll Orchestra (album) (1983)
- Andy Taylor – Thunder (Andy Taylor album) (1987)
- Gavin Friday – Each Man Kills the Thing He Loves (1989)
- Jefferson Airplane – Jefferson Airplane (album) (1989)
- Southside Johnny & The Asbury Jukes – Better Days (1991)
- Ramones – Mondo Bizarro (1992)
- Duran Duran – Thank You (Duran Duran album) (1995)
- Johnny Popstar Luv Explosion – Lizzy the Supermarket Drag Queen (1999)
Complete list at the Turtles website: http://www.theturtles.com/documents/discography.html
- 200 Motels (1971) (members of The Mothers of Invention, special material)
- Down and Dirty Duck (1974) (voice work, music, additional story material)
- Texas Detour (1978) (music & lyrics)
- The World of Strawberry Shortcake (1980) (music)
- Strawberry Shortcake in Big Apple City (1981) (music)
- Strawberry Shortcake: Pets on Parade (1982) (music)
- Top Secret! (1984) (lyrics & special material)
- The Care Bears (1985) (TV series) (music)
- The Adventures of the American Rabbit (1986) (music)
- The True Story of Frank Zappa's 200 Motels (1989) (as themselves)
- "The Turtles Website/History pt. 1". The Turtles – Flo & Eddie, Inc. 2006. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
- Billy James. "Necessity Is: The Early Years of Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention". Google Books. Retrieved 2014-07-04.
- McQuistion, James (April 30, 2011). "Happy Together Tour Returns In Summer 2011". Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- Mark Volman at the Internet Movie Database
- Howard Kaylan at the Internet Movie Database
- The Turtles featuring Flo & Eddie
- Howard Kaylan official website
- Mark Volman's music consulting site