Flora (mythology)

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The Triumph of Flora, by Master of Flora c. 1560

In Roman mythology, Flora (Latin: Flōra) was a goddess of flowers and the season of spring,[1] a symbol for nature and flowers. While she was otherwise a relatively minor figure in Roman mythology, being one among several fertility goddesses, her association with the spring gave her particular importance at the coming of springtime.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Her name is derived from the Latin word "flos" which means "flower." In modern English, "Flora" also means the plants of a particular region or period.[3]

Festival[edit]

Her festival, the Floralia, was held between April 28 and May 3 and symbolized the renewal of the cycle of life, drinking, and flowers.[4] The festival was first instituted in 240 B.C.E but on the advice of the Sibylline books she was given another temple in 238 B.C.E. Her Greek equivalent was Chloris, who was a nymph and not a goddess at all. Flora was married to Favonius, the wind god also known as Zephyr, and her companion was Hercules.

On May 23 another festival was held in her honor.[4]

Flora achieved more prominence in the neo-pagan revival of Antiquity among Renaissance humanists than she had ever enjoyed in ancient Rome.

Ballet[edit]

Flora is the main character of the ballet The Awakening of Flora.

In art[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Flora". Myth Index. 
  2. ^ "Spring godess". Theoi Project. 
  3. ^ Dictionary.reference.com
  4. ^ a b Guirand, Felix; Aldington, Richard; Ames, Delano; Graves, Robert (December 16, 1987). New Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology. Crescent Books. p. 201. ISBN 0517004046. 

References[edit]

  • Ovid, Fasti V.193-212
  • Macrobius, Saturnalia I.10.11-14
  • Lactantius, Divinae institutions I.20.6-10

External links[edit]