Florești, Cluj

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Floreşti
Commune
Location in Cluj County
Location in Cluj County
Florești, Cluj is located in Romania
Florești, Cluj
Location on Romania map
Coordinates: 46°44′51″N 23°29′27″E / 46.74750°N 23.49083°E / 46.74750; 23.49083Coordinates: 46°44′51″N 23°29′27″E / 46.74750°N 23.49083°E / 46.74750; 23.49083
Country  Romania
County Actual Cluj county CoA.png Cluj
Metropolitan area Cluj-Napoca metropolitan area
Status Commune
Villages incorporated Floreşti, Luna de Sus, Tăuţi
Government
 • Mayor Horia-Petru Șulea (Social Liberal Union)
Area
 • Total 61 km2 (24 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 21,832
 • Density 358/km2 (930/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 4007280
Area code(s) +40 x641
Car Plates FL2
1x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
2used only on the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the city limits (like trolley buses, trams, utilitary vehicles, ATVs, etc.)

Floreşti (Hungarian: Szászfenes; German: Deutsch Branndorf) is a commune in Cluj County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Floreşti, Luna de Sus (Magyarlóna) and Tăuţi (Kolozstótfalu) and is part of the Cluj-Napoca metropolitan area, being located less than 8 km west of Cluj-Napoca on DN1.

Benefiting from its proximity to Cluj-Napoca, the commune has seen a substantial development since the early 2000s, including a threefold increase in population, mainly due to several new residential developments. It was the most populous commune in Romania recorded at the 2011 census.[2]

Geography[edit]

Floreşti is located on the Someșul Mic River, in the centre of Cluj County, less than 8 km from the county capital, Cluj-Napoca, and 7 km from the commune of Gilău, on the Romanian National Road DN1.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, the commune has 21,832 inhabitants, meaning that a 300% increase was recorded since the previous census of 2002 when 7,470 inhabitants were recorded. In terms of ethnic structure, the commune's population is composed of 78.8% Romanians, 15.1% Hungarians and 5.1% Roma.

Historical population[edit]

The historical population of the entire commune as recorded by the official censuses, and projected to the present-day administrative unit, was as follows:[1][3][4]

Year Total Romanians Hungarians Roma
1850 3,009 1,549 1,197 227
1880 3,655 1,761 1,546 n/a
1890 4,058 2,032 1,755 n/a
1900 4,435 2,260 1,995 n/a
1910 4,702 2,420 2,044 n/a
1920 4,956 2,567 2,251 n/a
1930 5,280 2,706 2,194 327
1941 6,086 2,612 3,364 95
1956 5,586 3,060 2,231 289
1966 6,012 3,248 2,399 369
1977 6,865 3,668 2,385 809
1992 6,088 3,439 2,020 626
2002 7,470 4,516 2,057 888
2011 21,832 17,209 3,299 1,121

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References[edit]