|Los Angeles County, California.|
|• Total||3.580 sq mi (9.273 km2)|
|• Land||3.580 sq mi (9.273 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|• Density||18,000/sq mi (6,800/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
Florence-Graham (locally known as Florence-Firestone) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 63,387 at the 2010 census, up from 60,197 at the 2000 census. The census area includes separate communities of Florence, Firestone Park, and Graham.
Florence-Graham is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), all land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Florence-Graham had a population of 63,387. The population density was 17,704.2 people per square mile (6,835.6/km²). The racial makeup of Florence-Graham was 23,895 (37.7%) White (0.7% Non-Hispanic White), 5,861 (9.2%) African American, 498 (0.8%) Native American, 150 (0.2%) Asian, 25 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 30,704 (48.4%) from other races, and 2,254 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 57,066 persons (90.0%).
The Census reported that 63,317 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 70 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 13,900 households, out of which 9,191 (66.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,058 (50.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,459 (24.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,665 (12.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,405 (10.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 84 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,178 households (8.5%) were made up of individuals and 421 (3.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.56. There were 12,182 families (87.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.63.
The population was spread out with 22,198 people (35.0%) under the age of 18, 7,990 people (12.6%) aged 18 to 24, 18,758 people (29.6%) aged 25 to 44, 11,020 people (17.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,421 people (5.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26.3 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
There were 14,765 housing units at an average density of 4,123.9 per square mile (1,592.3/km²), of which 5,101 (36.7%) were owner-occupied, and 8,799 (63.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.5%. 25,014 people (39.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 38,303 people (60.4%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 60,197 people, 13,354 households, and 11,617 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 16,799.7 inhabitants per square mile (6,492.2/km²). There were 14,191 housing units at an average density of 3,960.4 per square mile (1,530.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 24.55% White, 13.14% Black or African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 56.40% from other races, and 4.73% from two or more races. 85.90% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 13,354 households out of which 60.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.0% were non-families. 10.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.51 and the average family size was 4.71.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 40.0% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 12.4% from 45 to 64, and 4.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.9 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $25,425, and the median income for a family was $25,824. Males had a median income of $19,400 versus $16,496 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,092. About 34.1% of families and 35.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.4% of those under age 18 and 23.6% of those ages 65 or over.
Primary and secondary schools
Florence-Graham residents are zoned to Los Angeles Unified School District schools.
Zoned elementary schools within the CDP include:
- Florence Avenue Elementary School
- Graham Elementary School
- Lillian Elementary school
- Miramonte Elementary School
- Parmelee Elementary School
Zoned middle schools within the CDP include:
- Drew Middle School
- Edison Middle School
County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Florence Library and the Graham Library.
The Florence Library opened in 1914 at the residence of Fred W. Cleland. On June 30, 1915, the library moved to Florence Avenue Elementary School. In 1920 the library moved to a building with a converted stable. The library moved to another location in 1924. In 1931-1932 the library moved to a storefront location. In 1964 the storefront was refurbished to mark the 50th anniversary of the library. The library moved to its current location in 1970. The library was refurbished beginning in December 2001, and it reopened in 2002.
The Graham Library opened in April 1915 in a school. Two years later the library moved to a store building. In 1928 the library moved to another building. In 1938 the library moved another time. The current location was built in 1969. The library was refurbished beginning in May 2000. The library reopened in November 2001 and was rededicated on the 8th of that month. The library has murals from the Bolivian artist Mario Cespedes.
Government and infrastructure
In the state legislature Florence-Graham is located in the 22nd, 25th, 27th, and 30th Senate Districts, represented by Democrats Gilbert Cedillo, Gloria Romero, Edward Vincent, and Ronald S. Calderon respectively, and in the 46th, 50th, and 52nd Assembly districts, represented by Democrats John Perez, Ricardo Lara and Mervyn M. Dymally respectively. Federally, Florence-Graham is located in California's 34th, 35th, 37th, and 39th congressional districts, which have Cook PVIs of D +23, D +33, D +27, and D +13 respectively and is represented by Democrats Lucille Roybal-Allard, Maxine Waters, Laura Richardson, and Linda Sánchez respectively.
Parks and recreation
Mary M. Bethune Park, operated by the county, is within the CDP. The park includes a baseball/softball field, a basketball court, children's play areas, a community recreation room, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, picnic tables and barbecue grills, a skateboard park, a swimming pool, and toilets.
Franklin D. Roosevelt Park, also operated by the county, is within the CDP. In terms of county facilities it is among the oldest; the construction of the park was authorized by President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt as part of the Works Progress Administration projects during the Great Depression. The park has basketball courts, children's play areas, a community room, a computer center, a fitness zone, a gymnasium, picnic shelters, a senior center, a soccer field, a swimming pool, a skateboard park and tennis courts.
Colonel Leon H. Washington Park, another county park, is within the CDP. The 13.2-acre (5.34 ha) park is located on a plot of land that was formerly a lumber yard. It was named after Colonel Leon H. Washington, the founder of The Eastside Shopper (now The Sentinel). The facility has a children's play area, a community recreation center, a computer room, gymnasium, picnic areas with barbecue grills, a swimming pool, tennis courts, and toilets.
The 27-acre (10.9 ha) Ted Watkins Memorial Park, a county park, is within the CDP. The park was named after Ted Watkins, the founder of the Watts Labor Community Action Committee (WLCAC), in 1995. The park has lighted baseball/softball fields, a children's play area, a community recreation room, a computer lab, a gymnasium with a stage, picnic areas, a skateboard park, a soccer (football) field, a swimming pool, tennis courts, and toilets.
- U.S. Census
- Florence-Firestone neighborhood. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- Firestone Park community information. Hometown Locator. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0624477.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Century Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Florence-Graham CDP, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
- "St. Aloysius School." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
- "St. Malachy School." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
- "Florence Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Graham Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Souttth SPA by Health District and City." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- "Mary M. Bethune Park." County of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
- "Franklin D. Park." County of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
- "Colonel Leon H. Washington Park." County of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
- "Ted Watkins Memorial Park." County of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.