Florence Bascom 
|Born||July 14, 1862
|Died||June 18, 1945(aged 82)|
|Institutions||Ohio State University
Bryn Mawr College
|Alma mater||University of Wisconsin–Madison
Johns Hopkins University
Early life and education
She was born in Williamstown, Massachusetts on July 14, 1862. Her father, John Bascom, was a professor at Williams College and later President of University of Wisconsin-Madison. In the 1880s she received her B.A. and M.A. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She was the first woman to receive a Ph.D from Johns Hopkins University, which she did in 1893. While studying at John Hopkins she was forced to sit behind a screen so as not to disturb the men. She then taught for two years at Ohio State University before beginning her teaching career at Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania. Bascom retired from teaching in 1928 but continued to work at the U.S. Geological Survey until 1936.
Bascom received the position of assistant geologist at the U.S. Geological Survey in 1896, the first woman to be appointed. From 1896 to 1908, she was an associate editor of the magazine American Geologist. Bascom was promoted to geologist by the USGS and assigned the Mid-Atlantic Piedmont region of the United States. A great deal of her work involved the crystalline rocks and geomorphology of this region. She created well-known U.S. Geological Survey folios on Philadelphia (1909), Trenton (1909), Elkton-Wilmington (1920), Quakertown-Doylestown (1931), and Honeybrook-Phoenixville (1938).
In 1894, Florence Bascom was the first woman elected to the Geological Society of America. She became a councilor in 1924 and a vice-president of the society in 1930. She was also a member of the United States National Research Council and of the American Geophysical Union.
Named in honor of Florence Bascom
|Library resources about
|By Florence Bascom|
Florence Bascom published over 40 articles on genetic petrography, geomorphology, and gravel. Her own account of her youth in Madison may be found in the Wisconsin Magazine of History, Mar 1925.
- "The Geology of the Crystalline Rocks of Cecil County" Maryland Geological Survey (1902)
- "The ancient volcanic rocks of South Mountain, Pennsylvania" Pennsylvania US Geological Survey Bulletin No. 136 (1896)
- "Water resources of the Philadelphia district" US Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper No. 106 (1904)
- "Geology and mineral resources of the Quakertown-Doylestown district, Pennsylvania and New Jersey" Edgar Theodore Wherry and George Willis Stose. US Geological Survey Bulletin No. 828 (1931)
- "Elkton-Wilmington folio, Maryland-Delaware-New Jersey-Pennsylvania" with B.L. Miller. Geologic atlas of the United States; Folio No. 211 (1920)
- "Florence Bascom (1862-1945)". Smithsonian Institution Archives. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
- Gohn, Kathleen K. (2004). "Celebrating 125 Years of the U.S. Geological Survey". U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1274. p. 4. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. "Florence Bascom". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012.
- Rosenberg, Carroll S. (1971). "BASCOM, Florence (July 14, 1862-June 18, 1945)". Notable American Women: 1607-1950. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- Bascom, Florence (1924-1925). "The University in 1874-1887". The Wisconsin Magazine of History. Wisconsin Historical Society. pp. 300–308. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- Think quest
- Geological history society article mentioning the Wissahickon controversy
- Florence Bascom at Find a Grave
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Florence Bascom.|