Florencia, Caquetá

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For other uses, see Florencia (disambiguation).
Florencia
Municipality and city
Top Panorama view of Downtown Florencia, 2nd left:Luis Hernando Municipal Palace, 2nd middle:Los Colonos Monument in Fundores Park, 2nd right:Jorge Eliece Gaitan Tower, 3rd left:Victoria Regia Welfare Building, 3rd right:Curiplaya Caltural Palace, Bottom:Our Lady of Lourdes Cathedral in San Francisco Square
Top Panorama view of Downtown Florencia, 2nd left:Luis Hernando Municipal Palace, 2nd middle:Los Colonos Monument in Fundores Park, 2nd right:Jorge Eliece Gaitan Tower, 3rd left:Victoria Regia Welfare Building, 3rd right:Curiplaya Caltural Palace, Bottom:Our Lady of Lourdes Cathedral in San Francisco Square
Flag of Florencia
Flag
Official seal of Florencia
Seal
Nickname(s): Golden Gate to the Colombian Amazonia
Location of the municipality and town of Florencia in the Caquetá Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Florencia in the Caquetá Department of Colombia.
Florencia is located in Colombia
Florencia
Florencia
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 1°36′50″N 75°36′46″W / 1.61389°N 75.61278°W / 1.61389; -75.61278Coordinates: 1°36′50″N 75°36′46″W / 1.61389°N 75.61278°W / 1.61389; -75.61278
Country  Colombia
Region Amazonas Region
Department Caquetá Department
Founded 1902
Incorporated 1912
Founded by Doroteo de Pupiales
Named for Florence
Government
 • Mayor María Susana Portela
Area
 • Municipality and city 2,292 km2 (885 sq mi)
 • Urban 14.56 km2 (5.62 sq mi)
Elevation 242 m (794 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Municipality and city 163,323
 • Rank 35th in Colombia
 • Density 71/km2 (180/sq mi)
 • Urban 141,804
 • Urban density 9,700/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
 • Rural 21,519
  DANE
Demonym Florencian
florenciano (m), -na (f)
florentino (m), -na (f)
Ethnicity[1]
 • White/Mestizo 95.9%
 • Afro 3.3%
 • Amerindian 0.8%
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-05)
Postal code 180001–180009
Area code(s) 57 + 8
Major airport Gustavo Artunduaga Paredes Airport
Website Official website (Spanish)

Florencia (Spanish pronunciation: [floˈɾensja], English: Florence) is a municipality and capital city of the Department of Caquetá, Colombia. It is the most important city in southeast Colombia because of its population as well as its more than a hundred years of history. It is the boundary between mountains and the Amazon. It lies on the Orteguaza River which flows into the Caqueta River. Its population is roughly 165,000.

Florencia Pizrro Square

History[edit]

Florencia was founded on December 25, 1902 by Capuchin Friar Doroteo De Pupiales (1876-1959) Born in Pupiales, Nariño, Colombia.

Geography[edit]

Florencia is located by the steps of the Cordillera Oriental mountain range. The municipality of Florencia limits to the north with the Huila Department and the municipality of El Paujil, to the east with the municipalities of El Paujil and La Montañita, to the south with the municipalities of Milán and Morelia, and to the west with the municipality of Belén de Andaquies and the Huila Department.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Florencia (Caquetá)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
31.9
(89.4)
30.8
(87.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.9
(85.8)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
29.9
(85.8)
30.6
(87.1)
31.2
(88.2)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
30.65
(87.18)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.7
(71.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.3
(70.3)
21.0
(69.8)
20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.45
(70.6)
Rainfall mm (inches) 119
(4.69)
191
(7.52)
296
(11.65)
382
(15.04)
471
(18.54)
503
(19.8)
461
(18.15)
356
(14.02)
329
(12.95)
325
(12.8)
254
(10)
153
(6.02)
3,840
(151.18)
 % humidity 82 83 86 87 89 89 88 87 87 85 86 84 86.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 157.5 109.9 102.5 82.0 106.4 95.9 104.1 123.4 135.4 141.9 146.8 149.6 1,455.4
Source: IDEAM[2] - Gobernación de Caquetá[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Administrative Department of Statistics - DANE (2005). "Perfil Municipal de Florencia - Censo 2005". Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales. "IDEAM - Climatografía de la principales ciudades" (in español). Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
  3. ^ Gobernación de Caquetá. "Estaciones Meteorológicas del Caquetá" (in español). Retrieved 17 January 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Florencia at Wikimedia Commons