Florentine tower of Buire
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|Florentine Tower of Buire|
|Tour Florentine de Buire|
|Owner||City of Buire|
|Design and construction|
|Main contractor||Compagnie des chemins de fer du Nord|
The Tower of Florentine Buire, located in the commune of Buire in the Aisne department in Picardy in northern France, is a former signal box from a height of 50 metres. Since November 6, 1995, it has been classified as a monument historique (National Heritage Site of France). It is the work of French architect Gustave Umbdenstock and the engineer Raoul Dautry employed by the Compagnie des chemins de fer du Nord. Its construction was decided following the development of the railway station of Hirson, which became the second French rail junction (after Paris) in the early twentieth century.
It was built in 1920-1921, in reinforced concrete, and based on the traditional style of North belfries décor incorporating brick Art déco style.
It consists of six stages:
Ground floor: cable entry
1st floor: store
2nd floor: unassigned
3rd floor: small workshop
4th floor: sanitary
5th floor: room of relays
6th floor: control room with optical panel of the Mors railroad switch.
At its height, the tower was equipped with four clocks (one for each cardinal direction) of 3.20 meters in diameter.
The tower is abandoned since the 1944 bombings.
- Le rail à Hirson, 2010, page 89