Florentine tower of Buire

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Florentine Tower of Buire
Tour Florentine de Buire
Florentine 0004.jpg
General information
Type Railway tower
Location Buire, France
Coordinates 49°54′38″N 4°04′24″E / 49.910596°N 4.073305°E / 49.910596; 4.073305Coordinates: 49°54′38″N 4°04′24″E / 49.910596°N 4.073305°E / 49.910596; 4.073305
Construction started 1920
Completed 1921
Owner City of Buire
Technical details
Floor count 6
Design and construction
Architect Gustave Umbdenstock
Main contractor Compagnie des chemins de fer du Nord

The Tower of Florentine Buire, located in the commune of Buire in the Aisne department in Picardy in northern France, is a former signal box from a height of 50 metres. Since November 6, 1995, it has been classified as a monument historique (National Heritage Site of France). It is the work of French architect Gustave Umbdenstock and the engineer Raoul Dautry employed by the Compagnie des chemins de fer du Nord. Its construction was decided following the development of the railway station of Hirson, which became the second French rail junction (after Paris) in the early twentieth century.

It was built in 1920-1921, in reinforced concrete, and based on the traditional style of North belfries décor incorporating brick Art déco style.

It consists of six stages:[1]

Ground floor: cable entry

1st floor: store

2nd floor: unassigned

3rd floor: small workshop

4th floor: sanitary

5th floor: room of relays

6th floor: control room with optical panel of the Mors railroad switch.

At its height, the tower was equipped with four clocks (one for each cardinal direction) of 3.20 meters in diameter.

The name Florentine is explained by reference to typical buildings of Florence or the fact that the contractor of theTower of Lens was Florentine.

The tower is abandoned since the 1944 bombings.



  1. ^ Le rail à Hirson, 2010, page 89