Floribunda (rose)

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'Sunsprite', Kordes 1973
'Else Poulsen' (Poulsen 1924), an early Floribunda cultivar
Floribunda Diadem (Tantau 1986) Rosarium Uetersen

Floribunda (Latin for "many-flowering") is a modern group of garden roses that was developed by crossing hybrid teas with polyantha roses, the latter being derived from crosses between Rosa chinensis and Rosa multiflora (sometimes called R. polyantha).[1] The idea was to create roses that bloomed with the polyantha profusion, but with hybrid tea floral beauty and colour range.

The first polyantha/hybrid tea cross, 'Rödhätte', was introduced by the Danish breeder Dines Poulsen in 1907.[1] It possessed characteristics of both its parent classes, and was initially called a Hybrid Polyantha or Poulsen rose. Poulsen continued this line of work in subsequent years, introducing several Hybrid Polyanthas such as 'Else Poulsen' in 1924.[1] Other breeders also began introducing similar varieties, and in 1930 the name "floribunda" was coined by Dr. J.N. Nicolas, a rose hybridizer for Jackson & Perkins in the US. This term has been used since then to describe cultivars which in their ancestry have crosses between hybrid teas and polyanthas.

Typical floribundas feature stiff shrubs, smaller and bushier than the average hybrid tea but less dense and sprawling than the average polyantha. The flowers are often smaller than hybrid teas but are carried in large sprays, giving a better floral effect in the garden. Floribundas are found in all hybrid tea colours and with the classic hybrid tea-shaped blossom, sometimes differing from hybrid teas only in their cluster-flowering habit. Today they are still used in large bedding schemes in public parks and similar spaces.

Selection of cultivars[edit]

Cultivar Hybridizer Year Colour Notes Photo
'Angel Face' Swim & Weeks 1968 lavender
Sl angelface09.JPG
'Amber Queen' Harkness 1984 yellow Rose of the Year 1984
Rosa Prinz Eugen 2010.jpg
'Anne Harkness' Harkness 1979 apricot
Rosa Anne Harkness.jpg
'Arthur Bell' McGredy 1964 yellow
Arthur Bell by Roger.jpg
'Bonica 82' Meilland 1982 pink Rose Hall of Fame
AGM 1993
Rosa 'Bonica 82' 02.jpg
'Cherish' Warriner 1980 pale pink
Floribunda - Cherish 6 (cr).JPG
'Dainty Maid' LeGrice 1940 pink blend Portland Gold 1941
'Edelweiß' Poulsen 1969 cream
Edelweiß (Poulsen 1969).JPG
'English Miss' Cant 1977 pale pink AGM 2001
EnglishMiss.jpg
'Gruß an Aachen' Geduldig 1909 pale pink
Rosa 'Gruss an Aachen' J4.JPG
'Heidi Klum' Rosen Tantau 1999 pink
Heidi-Klum-Rose (Tantau 2006).jpg
'Iceberg' Kordes 1958 white Rose Hall of Fame
Rosa Iceberg 1.jpg
'Julia Child' Carruth 2004 yellow Best of the Best 2010
AGM 2012
Rosajuliachild.jpg
'Montana' Rosen Tantau 1974 red
Montana (Tantau 1974) 2.JPG
'Pacific Dream' James 2006 purple
Pacific-dream-bleu-ardoise375.png
'Poesie' Warriner 1988 pink
Rosa Poesie.jpg
'Rosa Gruß an Aachen' 1930 pink
Pink Gruss an Aachen Maddingley 4-1-2014.jpg
'Sexy Rexy' McGredy 1984 pink
Sexy Rexy.jpg
'Shockwave' Carruth 2006 yellow
Rosashockwave1.jpg
'Sunsprite' Kordes 1973 yellow
Rosa Friesia.jpg
'Tuscan Sun' Zary 2002
Rosatuscansun.jpg
'Yesterday' Harkness 1974
Rosa sp.304.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Phillips, R. and Rix, M., The Ultimate Guide to Roses, Macmillan, 2004, p226