Florida's 1st congressional district

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Florida's 1st congressional district
Florida's first congressional district. Since January 3, 2013.
Florida's first congressional district. Since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Jeff Miller (RChumuckla)
Area 5,241 mi²
Distribution 77.5% urban, 22.5% rural
Population (2000) 639,295
Median income $36,738
Ethnicity 78.0% White, 14.0% Black, 1.9% Asian, 3.0% Hispanic, 0.9% Native American, 0.2% other
Cook PVI R+21

Florida's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida, covering the state's western Panhandle. It includes all of Escambia, Holmes, and Santa Rosa counties and portions of Okaloosa and Walton counties. The district is anchored in Pensacola and also includes Fort Walton Beach and stretches along the Redneck Riviera. The district, as ranked by the Cook Partisan Voting Index, is the most Republican district in Florida and the 15th in the United States.

The district is currently represented by Republican Jeff Miller, who was first elected in a special election following the resignation of Joe Scarborough.

Characteristics[edit]

The district encompasses the western part of the Florida Panhandle, in the extreme western portion of the state, stretching from Pensacola and the Alabama border east to include Walton, Holmes, and Washington counties.

The territory now in the 1st District was originally part of the 3rd Congressional District from 1903 to 1963; however, it has been numbered as the 1st District since then. It cast aside its Democratic roots far sooner than most of the other areas of the state. It has not supported a Democrat for President since John F. Kennedy in 1960. In 1964, Republican Barry Goldwater carried the district by such a large margin that it nearly pushed Florida's electoral votes into the Republican column. It has continued to vote for Republicans by very wide margins, with the only exception being 1976, where Gerald Ford won a narrow 50-49 victory over Jimmy Carter. Nonetheless, it continued to usually elect conservative Democrats at the state and local level until the Republican Revolution of 1994, when Joe Scarborough was elected. This change was more a result of eight-term conservative Democrat Earl Hutto retiring than of a Republican upsurge; for some time, it had been taken for granted that Hutto would be succeeded by a Republican once he retired. Since then, the district has become arguably the most Republican district in Florida, with Republicans dominating every level of government. John McCain received 67% of the vote in this district in 2008.

The area comprising the 1st Congressional District has maintained a large military presence ever since John Quincy Adams persuaded Spain to sell Florida to the United States in 1819, in part to gain a deepwater port at Pensacola. The U.S. Air Force also has a large presence in Eglin Air Force Base, which is economically important to the district. Slightly under 14,000 people are employed at the base, which is one of the largest air bases in the world and has approximately 100,000 square miles (260,000 km2) of airspace stretching over the Gulf of Mexico to the Florida Keys. Hurlburt Field is an auxiliary field at Eglin AFB and is the location of the Air Force Special Operations Command. Eglin AFB spreads over three counties. Pensacola Naval Air Station was the first Navy base devoted to the specific purpose of aviation, and is the home of the Blue Angels. Saufley Field, used for training, is slightly north of Pensacola NAS.

A large number of veterans who retire relocate to this district. Tourism, particularly in Destin, is a major economic activity.

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
1992 President Bush 51.2 - 25.7%
Senator Graham 54.5 - 45.5%
1994 Senator Mack 80.9 - 19.1%
Governor Bush 60.8 - 39.2%
Secretary of State Mortham 64.1 - 35.9%
Attorney General Ferro 52.8 - 47.2%
Comptroller Milligan 59.1 - 40.9%
Treasurer Ireland 59.7 - 40.3%
Education Commissioner Brogan 64.1 - 35.9%
Agriculture Commissioner Smith 55.6 - 44.4%
1996 President Dole 59.2 - 31.0%
1998 Senator Crist 51.6 - 48.4%
Governor Bush 71.4 - 28.6%
Secretary of State Harris 65.0 - 35.0%
Attorney General Bludworth 57.0 - 43.0%
Comptroller Milligan 71.1 - 28.9%
Treasurer Ireland 58.8 - 41.2%
Education Commissioner Gallagher 67.2 - 32.8%
Agriculture Commissioner Faircloth 54.7 - 45.3%
2000 President Bush 67.7 - 29.8%
Senator McCollum 64.7 - 35.3%
Treasurer Gallagher 73.1 - 26.9%
Education Commissioner Crist 67.6 - 32.4%
2004 President Bush 72 - 28%
2008 President McCain 67 - 32%

Voter registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 3, 2012
Party Voters Percentage
  Republican 230,628 49.86%
  Democratic 148,208 32.04%
  No Party Affiliation 71,779 15.52%

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1875
William J. Purman.jpg William J. Purman Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Robert Hamilton McWhorta Davidson .jpg Robert H. M. Davidson Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1891
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
SRMalloryII.jpg Stephen R. Mallory Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52
53
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Sparkman.jpg Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1917
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Herbert J. Drane.jpg Herbert J. Drane Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1933
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
JHardinPeterson.jpg J. Hardin Peterson Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1951
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
CBMcMullen.jpg Chester B. McMullen Democratic January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
82 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Courtneywcampbell.jpg Courtney W. Campbell Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
83 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William Cato Cramer.jpg William C. Cramer Republican January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1963
84
85
86
87
Redistricted to the 12th district
Robert L F Sikes.jpg Robert L. F. Sikes Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1979
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Redistricted from the 3rd district;
Not a candidate for reelection in 1978
Earl Dewitt Hutto.jpg Earl Dewitt Hutto Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1995
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
Not a candidate for reelection in 1994
Joe congress.jpg Joe Scarborough Republican January 3, 1995 –
September 5, 2001
104
105
106
107
Resigned
Vacant September 5, 2001 –
October 16, 2001
107
Jeff Miller Congress.JPG Jeff Miller Republican October 16, 2001 –
present
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
First elected to finish Scarborough's term

Election Results[edit]

2002[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 152,635 74.59%
Democratic Bert Oram 51,972 25.40%
No party Others 19 0.01%
Totals 204,626 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 236,604 76.54%
Democratic Mark S. Coutu 72,506 23.46%
Totals 309,110 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 135,786 68.54%
No party Joe Roberts 62,340 31.47%
Totals 198,126 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 232,559 70.18%
Democratic James E. Bryan 98,797 29.82%
Totals 331,356 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 170,821 80.00%
Independent Joe Cantrell 23,250 10.89%
Independent John E. Krause 18,253 8.55%
No party Others 1,202 0.56%
Totals 213,526 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2012[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 238,440 69.6%
Democratic James E. Bryan 92,961 27.1%
No party Calen Fretts (Libertarian) 11,176 3.3%
No party William Cleave Drummond II 17 0.0%
Totals 342,594 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

Historical district boundaries[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 30°39′46″N 86°39′45″W / 30.66278°N 86.66250°W / 30.66278; -86.66250