Florida's 5th congressional district

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"FL-5" redirects here. For the state road, see Florida State Road 5.
Florida's 5th congressional district
Florida's fifth congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Florida's fifth congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Corrine Brown (DJacksonville)
Cook PVI D+16

Florida's 5th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida. It stretches from Jacksonvile to Orlando. It is one of the most-gerrymandered congressional districts in the country.[1]

From 2002 to 2013 the district comprised all of Citrus, Hernando, and Sumter counties and most of Lake, Levy, and Pasco counties and portions of Marion and Polk counties. The district included northern exurbs of Tampa and western exurbs of Orlando within the high-growth Interstate 4 Corridor.

The district is currently represented by Democrat Corrine Brown.

Historical district boundaries[edit]

Prior district number 5

Florida's 3rd Congressional District was renumbered to 5th Congressional District but was little changed in the redistricting process in 2012, still winding from Orlando in the south to central Jacksonville in the north.[2]

From 1973 to 1993 the erstwhile 3rd district was based in Orange County, including Walt Disney World and most of Orlando. The peculiar shape of the 3rd (now 5th) Congressional District dates from reapportionment done by the Florida Legislature after the 1990 U.S. Census. The 1993–2012 3rd Congressional District was geographically distinctive. Starting from the southern part of the district, it included the Pine Hills area of the Orlando-Kissimmee Metropolitan Area with small pockets of African-American neighborhoods in the cities of Sanford, Gainesville, Palatka, and finally the larger African American communities of Jacksonville.[3] Connecting these areas were regions which are sparsely populated—either expansive rural areas or narrow strips which are only a few miles wide.[4][5] Barack Obama received 73% of the vote in this district in 2008 Presidential election.

Court-ordered changes[edit]

On July 11, 2014, Florida Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis ruled that this district, along with the neighboring District 10, had been drawn to favor Republicans.[3][6] On August 1, Judge Lewis gave Florida's state legislature an Aug. 15 deadline to submit new congressional maps for those two districts.[7]

3rd District Representative Corrine Brown issued a statement blasting Judge Terry Lewis' decision on the district map as "seriously flawed,"[5] and Congressional Black Caucus Chairwoman Marcia Fudge sent a sharply worded letter to Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman Steve Israel complaining about the party’s support for the lawsuit challenging Florida's district maps.[8]

Rep. Corrine Brown said that "we will go all the way to the United States Supreme Court, dealing with making sure that African Americans are not disenfranchised."[9] Florida House Redistricting Chairman Richard Corcoran, a Republican, said that "consideration of political data is legally required" to ensure that district boundaries would not be so shifted as to not allow African-Americans a chance to elect representatives of their choice.[10]

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 42 - 34%
1996 President Clinton 50 - 37%
2000 President Gore 50 - 46%
2004 President Bush 58 - 41%
2008 President McCain 56 - 43%

Voter registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 3, 2012
Party Voters Percentage
  Republican 260,112 42.12%
  Democratic 217,300 35.19%
  No Party Affiliation 113,380 18.36%

List of representatives[edit]

Representative kiigkiuk Years District home Notes
District created January 3, 1937
Joe Hendricks.jpg [[Alicia Martinez <3]] Democratic January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1949
AS Herlong.jpg Albert S. Herlong, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1967 Redistricted to the 4th district
Edward J Gurney.jpg Edward Gurney Republican January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1969 Redistricted from the 11th district
Louis Frey.jpg Louis Frey, Jr. Republican January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1973 Redistricted to the 9th district
Bill Gunter.jpg Bill Gunter Democratic January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975
Congressman Richard Kelly.jpg Richard Kelly Republican January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1981
McCollum bio photo.jpg Bill McCollum Republican January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1993 Redistricted to the 8th district
Karen Thurman.jpg Karen Thurman Democratic January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2003
Ginny Waite-Brown.jpg Ginny Brown-Waite Republican January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2011
Rich Nugent, Official Portrait, 112th Congress 2.jpg Rich Nugent Republican January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013 Redistricted to the 11th district
Corrinebrown.jpeg Corrine Brown Democratic January 3, 2013 – Redistricted from the 3rd district

Election Results[edit]

2002[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite 121,998 47.90%
Democratic Karen L. Thurman* 117,758 46.24%
Independent Jack Gargan 8,639 3.39%
Independent Brian P. Moore 6,223 2.44%
No party Others 53 0.02%
Totals 254,671 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

2004[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite* 240,315 65.93%
Democratic Robert G. Whittel 124,140 34.06%
No party Others 33 0.01%
Totals 364,488 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite* 162,421 59.85%
Democratic John T. Russell 108,959 40.15%
Totals 271,380 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite* 265,186 61.15%
Democratic John T. Russell 168,446 38.85%
Totals 433,632 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rich Nugent 208,815 67.43%
Democratic Jim Piccillo 100,858 32.57%
Totals 309,673 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ingraham, Christopher (May 15, 2014). "America’s most gerrymandered congressional districts". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Florida's 5th Congressional District". WJXT - Jacksonville. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b James, Frank (11 July 2014). "Florida Ruling Is A Primer On Redistricting Chicanery". NPR.org (National Public Radio). Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  4. ^ Leary, Alex (14 May 2011). "Democrat U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown again aligns with GOP in Florida redistricting battle". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Leary, Alex (10 July 2012). "Corrine Brown calls redistricting decision 'seriously flawed'". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  6. ^ http://thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/house-races/211930-judge-strikes-down-florida-congressional-lines
  7. ^ Cotterell, Bill (5 August 2014). "Florida elections face uncertainty as congressional maps redrawn". Thomson Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  8. ^ Isenstadt, Alex (4 August 2014). "CBC, DCCC clash over Fla. redistricting suit". POLITICO.com (POLITICO LLC). Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  9. ^ Livingston, Abby (11 July 2012). "Florida Redistricting Ruling Gets Mixed Reactions From Democrats". Rollcall.com (CQ-Roll Call). Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Deslatte, Aaron (5 August 2014). "Florida Legislature: Don't talk to congressional members, political consultants". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 

Coordinates: 29°23′07″N 81°45′04″W / 29.38528°N 81.75111°W / 29.38528; -81.75111