Florida Army National Guard

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Florida Army National Guard
Country United States
Allegiance Government of Florida
Branch Army National Guard
Type ARNG Headquarters Command
Part of Florida National Guard
Garrison/HQ St. Augustine, Florida

The Florida Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

The Florida Army National Guard is composed of approximately 12,000 soldiers (as of March 2009).[1] The main state training grounds is Camp Blanding.

Florida Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same enlisted ranks and officer ranks and insignia used by the United States Army are used by Army National Guardsmen and the latter are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Florida National Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Florida.

History[edit]

Some claim the predecessor[citation needed] of the Florida Army National Guard was a Spanish militia that was originally formed in 1565 in the newly established Spanish presidio town of Saint Augustine, Florida.[citation needed] On September 20, 1565, Menéndez de Avilés attacked Fort Caroline (Jacksonville) which was the center of the French Huguenots.

In 1702-1704 an inter Indian Native American conflict started as part of Queen Anne's War, involving the English armies on one side and the Spanish on another resulted in the Apalachee massacre. The conflict later also escalated into the Yamasee War. Spain ceded St. Augustine to Britain in 1763, in exchange for Havana, and it became the capital of East Florida. St. Augustine was ceded back to Spain in 1783.

Upon the end of the First Seminole War Spain ceded Florida to the United States. The process was finalized after the ratification of the Adams–Onís Treaty in 1821. United States merged two Floridas into an organized territory in 1822 and transferred the capital to Tallahassee. From 1835 to 1842 the Second Seminole War resulted in the elimination by force of most of the Native Americans from the territory. Florida was incorporated into the United States as a state in 1845. After Florida's incorporation into the United States problems with Seminoles continued until almost 1860.

The militia[citation needed] served under Spain for 236 years, Great Britain for 20 years, and the Confederate States of America for 5 years.

Some of the immediate origins of the FL ARNG today can be traced to the Florida State Troops. Today's 124th Infantry Regiment was reorganized and established in the Florida State Troops as five battalions between 1888-1892.

The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system. The FL ARNG included elements of the 51st Infantry Division from 11 September 1946 to 1963. It was originally headquartered at Tampa, Florida.[2] The FL ARNG also included the 48th Armored Division from 1954 to 1968.

In 1986 the 1st Battalion, 111th Aviation Regiment, was organized from pre-existing Florida ARNG aviation units at Jacksonville, FL.

The Florida Army National Guard was composed of approximately 9,950 soldiers in January 2001.[1]

Historic units[edit]

Units[edit]

83rd Troop Command SSI.jpg83rd Troop Command

50th Area Support Group

164th Air Defense Artillery Brigade.svg164th Air Defense Artillery Brigade

  • 1st Battalion, 265th Air Defense Artillery Regiment (1-265 ADA) (Avenger)
  • 3-265th ADA (Avenger)
  • 254th Transportation Battalion
    • HHD 254th Transportation
    • 715th MP Co
    • 806th MP Co
    • 690th MP Co
    • 1218th TC (Cargo)

Duties[edit]

National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary DutY Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units.

Active Duty Callups[edit]

National Guard personnel typically serve "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six-year enlistment period (this policy has changed 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).

The largest mobilization in state history began in mid-2009. More than 4,000 soldiers were called to active duty, and most were to be deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Florida Army National Guard
  2. ^ Wilson, John B. (1997). Maneuver and Firepower: The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades. Washington, DC: Center of Military History.
  3. ^ The 111th Aviation Regiment's Lineage and Honors state that is was '..Organized in the Florida Army National Guard as Company D, 26th Aviation Battalion and Federally recognized 1 September 1978 at Jacksonville. Expanded, reorganized and redesignated 2 October 1986 as the 419th Aviation Battalion. Redesignated 1 October 1987 as the 111th Aviation, a parent regiment under the United States Army Regimental System to consist of the 1st Battalion at Jacksonville. See http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/1-111avn.htm
  4. ^ Captain Harrison G. Carmody, 166th AV trains 2-111th on airfield operations, August 19, 2013.
  5. ^ http://capitalsoup.com/2010/05/09/fla-army-national-guards-2-111th-aviation-battalion-returns-home/
  6. ^ http://www.miamiherald.com/466/story/1016140.html

External links[edit]