Florida State Road 836
|Maintained by Miami-Dade Expressway Authority and FDOT|
|Length:||15.373 mi (24.740 km)
14.081 mi. tollway section
1.292 mi.- I-395
|Existed:||1969 – present|
|West end:||SR 825 in Tamiami|
| Homestead Ext / SR 821 near Tamiami
SR 826 near Doral
I-95 / SR 9A in Miami
US 1 / SR 5 in Miami
|East end:||SR A1A in Miami|
State Road 836, locally known as the Dolphin Expressway, is a 15.373 miles (24.740 km)-long six-lane divided expressway, with the westernmost 14.081 miles (22.661 km) being a tollway, and the easternmost 1.292 miles (2.079 km) of SR 836 between I-95 and SR A1A is signed Interstate 395. The road currently extends from just north of the intersection of Southwest 137th Avenue and U.S. Route 41 (SR 90) in Tamiami, eastward past the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike (SR 821) and Miami International Airport, before intersecting I-95, becoming I-395 and ending at SR A1A in Miami at the west end of the MacArthur Causeway. The Dolphin Expressway is maintained and operated by the Miami-Dade Expressway Authority, while the I-395 section is maintained by FDOT. The Dolphin Expressway from the Palmetto Expressway to I-95 opened in 1969, with the I-395 section opening in 1971, the extension to the HEFT opening in 1974 and a second western extension opening in 2007.
The highway begins just north of the intersection of Southwest 137th Avenue (unsigned SR 825) and U.S. Route 41 (SR 90) in Tamiami, as a SunPass only section of the expressway, built in 2007 and accessible only to motorists with SunPass transponders. The expressway heads east towards the Homestead Extension of the Turnpike, and then passes through the first of two toll barriers. It then intersects with the Palmetto Expressway (SR 826), and passes through the southern end of the Miami International Airport. With the failure of the Florida Department of Transportation to build either the previously-planned airport spur or the proposed LeJeune Road Expressway to give additional access to the airport, Miami-Dade County's sole complete east–west throughway is now often congested, most commonly in the stretch between the Palmetto Expressway (SR 826) and LeJeune Road (SR 953). East of the interchange with the airport at LeJeune Road, eastbound lanes pass through a second toll barrier just west of downtown. The highway has two more interchanges in the fringes of downtown before intersecting with I-95 at the Midtown Interchange and becoming a free road and unsigned as Interstate 395 goes into downtown Miami.
I-395 heads east as an elevated, six-lane expressway into downtown Miami. The feeder lanes from I-95 to eastbound I-395 make up a separate three lane ramp to the right of I-395, with the exit to US 1/US 41 being a left exit from the I-395 lanes and a right exit from the I-95 feeder lanes. The feeder lanes then merge into three lanes, heading east towards the MacArthur Causeway, with I-395 and SR 836 terminating just east of an entrance ramp with US 1 (SR 5)/US 41, and continuing as SR A1A.
Until July 1, 2007, the toll for eastbound automobiles was $1.25 ($1.00 for motorists with SunPass), paid at a toll booth between Northwest 22nd and Northwest 17th Avenues (toll is not collected from westbound traffic). In conjunction with the completion of the new three-mile-long extension west of the Turnpike, tolls of $1.00 (75 cents for motorists with SunPass) are now collected from traffic in both directions west of SR 973 (Northwest 87th Avenue/Galloway Road). Although the new toll was originally stated to be only for the extension, motorists going to the Florida Turnpike or Northwest 107th Avenue also have to pay. Thus, the total toll for eastbound traffic traveling along the expressway from the Turnpike to Interstate 95 is now $2.25 (or $1.75 for motorists with SunPass). Traffic traveling the new SunPass-only extension to/from Northwest 137th Avenue pays an additional 25 cents.
Originally envisioned as the Twentieth Street Tollway in 1964 (with a spur to the airport along LeJeune Road), construction on the Fourteenth Street east–west Expressway between the Palmetto Expressway and US 1 started in 1967 and was completed in 1969. Two years later, construction of the western extension to Florida's Turnpike commenced, and was finished in 1974. Also in 1974, the name of the tollway was changed to commemorate the success of the Miami Dolphins of the NFL, after back-to-back wins in the Super Bowl.
The section of SR 836 signed as I-395 was supposed to open with the rest of the Dolphin Expressway in 1968, but was delayed due to a freeze at the federal level for road spending. The expressway opened on March 26, 1971.
Construction of a second westward extension of SR 836 started in 2004. This extension, westward to Northwest 137th Avenue near Northwest 12th Street, opened June 22, 2007, accessible only to motorists with SunPass electronic toll-paying capability; there is no capacity for the collection of cash.
Short range plans include the construction of additional lanes and a redesign of a heavily-used interchange with SR 826. A planned third extension (southward to Southwest 136th Street) is currently being considered.
On May 24, 2010, construction began on the Miami Port Tunnel, a $1 billion project that will connect the port to other major highway arteries, including I-395, with the tunnel expected to open in 2014.
The entire route is in Miami-Dade County.
|Tamiami||0.000||0.000||SR 825 (Northwest 137th Avenue)||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|0.290||0.467||Overhead Toll Gantry ($0.25, SunPass only)|
|3.279||5.277||Homestead Ext – Homestead, Key West, Ft. Lauderdale, Orlando||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|3.570||5.745||SR 985 (Northwest 107th Avenue)||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance (other access is only to/from Turnpike)|
|4.372||7.036||Toll plaza ($0.75 SunPass, $1.00 cash)|
|5.594||9.003||SR 973 (Northwest 87th Avenue, Galloway Road) / Northwest 12th Street|
|6.581||10.591||SR 826 (Palmetto Expressway) to US 41 (Tamiami Trail) / SR 968 (Flagler Street/Coral Way) / SR 948 (Northwest 36th Street)|
|7.113||11.447||SR 969 (Northwest 72nd Avenue, Milam Dairy Road)|
|8.675||13.961||SR 959 (Red Road) – Coral Gables|
|Miami||9.871||15.886||Northwest 45th Avenue||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|10.261||16.513||SR 953 (Northwest 42nd Avenue, Le Jeune Road) – Coral Gables, Miami International Airport|
|10.781||17.350||Northwest 37th Avenue – Miami International Airport||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|11.820||19.022||SR 9 (Northwest 27th Avenue)|
|12.501||20.118||Eastbound toll plaza ($1.00 SunPass, $1.25 cash)|
|12.901||20.762||Northwest 17th Avenue – Marlins Park, Civic Center, Hospitals||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|13.433||21.618||SR 933 (Northwest 12th Avenue) – Medical Center, Civic Center||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|13.701||22.050||Northwest 12th Avenue|
|1|| I-95 (SR 9A) – Ft. Lauderdale, Downtown Miami
|Western terminus of I-395, Eastern terminus of tolled section of SR 836; Signed as exits 1A (south) and 1B (north) westbound|
|15.142||24.369||2||US 1 / SR 5 (Biscayne Boulevard) / Northeast 2nd Avenue – Arenas||Signed as exit 2B eastbound; exit 2A westbound|
|15.373||24.740|| SR A1A north – Miami Beach
|Eastern termini of SR 836 and I-395; Southern terminus of SR A1A (Southern Florida section)|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Florida Department of Transportation. "FDOT Interchange Report" (PDF). Retrieved October 4, 2007.
- "Route Log and Finder List - Interstate System: Table 2". FHWA. Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- Google Inc. Google Maps – overview map of SR 836 (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=Unknown+road&daddr=I-395+E&hl=en&sll=25.786686,-80.185593&sspn=0.004685,0.006899&geocode=FY1RiQEdd-00-w%3BFYJ6iQEdHHk4-w&mra=ls&t=h&z=11. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
- Google Inc. Google Maps – overview map of I-395 in Florida (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=I-395+E&daddr=25.787015,-80.185078&geocode=FbSAiQEdOCQ4-w%3B&hl=en&mra=dme&mrcr=0&mrsp=1&sz=17&sll=25.786396,-80.186012&sspn=0.004647,0.006899&ie=UTF8&ll=25.78629,-80.186613&spn=0.004647,0.006899&t=h&z=17. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "MDX Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)". Miami-Dade Expressway Authority. Retrieved 2008-06-13.[dead link]
- Williams, Verne O. "Bids Taken Tomorrow On 2 X-Way Projects". The Miami News 29 Jan 1969: 1A
- "X-way link open Friday, aide hints". The Miami News 24 Mar 1971: 1A
- "Miami-Dade Expressway Authority Five-Year Work Program" (PDF). Miami-Dade Expressway Authority. Archived from the original on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
- 826-836 Access. Mobility. Progress.
- Future Projects - MDXWay
- Chardy, Alfonso. "Cash tolls on Miami-Dade expressways will soon be electronic". Miami Herald 23 Mar 2010.
- "Project History". Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-03-30.
- Hank Tester (April 2, 2010). "Actual Work Spotted at Port Tunnel Project". NBC Miami. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Interstate 395 (Florida).|