Florida wine

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Florida
Wine region
Map of USA FL.svg
Official name State of Florida
Type U.S. state
Year established 1845
Years of wine industry 16th century - present
Country USA
Total area 65,795 square miles (170,408 km2)
Varietals produced Blanc du Bois, Muscadine, Noble, Mango, Key Lime, Orange, Strawberry, Blueberry, Stover[1]
No. of wineries 18[2]

Florida wine refers to wine made from grapes and other fruit grown in the U.S. state of Florida. Wine grapes were grown in Florida earlier than anywhere else in the United States.

History[edit]

The first wine grapes were planted in the 16th century by Spanish missionaries for the production of sacramental wine for Christian religious ceremonies. Because of the tropical climate and grapevine diseases, particularly Pierce's disease, vitis vinifera does not grow well in Florida.

The Florida Grape Growers Association was established in 1923. In the 1930s, researchers at the University of Florida helped develop new hybrid grape varieties specifically suited for Florida's climate, including Stover, Blanc Du Bois, Swanee and Miss Blanc.

As early as 1991 Florida Orange Groves Winery began to develop wines made from 100% tropical fruit. Thanks to their efforts the term Florida Wine now encompasses varieties like mango, key lime, orange, grapefruit, blueberry and strawberry. Following in the footsteps of Florida Orange Groves Winery are several other wineries located in Florida now experimenting with tropical fruits. There are no designated American Viticultural Areas in Florida.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Appellation America (2007). "Florida: Appellation Description". Retrieved Nov. 28, 2007.
  2. ^ "Wineries Directory". Florida Grape Grower's Association. Retrieved 25 June 2011.