Florvil Hyppolite

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Florvil Hyppolite
Florvil Hyppolite portrait.jpg
16th President of Haiti
In office
October 17, 1889 – March 24, 1896
Preceded by François Denys Légitime
Succeeded by Tirésias Simon Sam
Minister of Agriculture and Police
In office
September 1, 1888 – October 5, 1888
President Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
Preceded by Morin Montasse
Succeeded by François Denys Légitime
Member of the Provisional Government of Haiti
In office
August 24, 1888 – October 5, 1888
President Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
President of the Provisional Government of Haiti
In office
October 3, 1879 – October 26, 1879
Preceded by Joseph Lamothe
Succeeded by Lysius Salomon
Personal details
Born Louis Mondestin Florvil Hyppolite
(1828-05-26)May 26, 1828
Cap-Haïtien, Haiti
Died March 24, 1896(1896-03-24) (aged 67)
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Nationality Haitian

Louis Mondestin Florvil Hyppolite (1828–1896) was the President of Haiti from 17 October 1889 to 24 March 1896. He was a career soldier, a general. He was installed as president by a constitutional council. He was reportedly under the influence of Victoire Jean-Baptiste, mistress of his successor Tirésias Simon Sam.

Hyppolite died of a heart attack while in office, on a trip to address a civilian revolt in the city of Jacmel. A tale of Haitian folklore describes how Hyppolite's hat fell off his head before arriving to Jacmel that day, something that was considered a bad omen among everyday Haitians. The incident is remembered in the Haitian children song "Panama M' Tombé", which is still sung to this day.

Preceded by
Monpoint Jeune
(Provisional)
President of Haiti
1889–1896
Succeeded by
Tirésias Simon Sam