Flower of the Year Campaign in Germany

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In 1979, Loki Schmidt (1919-2010), the spouse of former German Federal chancellor Helmut Schmidt, founded the Stiftung zum Schutze gefährdeter Pflanzen ("Foundation for the protection of endangered plants") which became the Stiftung Naturschutz Hamburg und Stiftung zum Schutze gefährdeter Pflanzen ("Foundation Nature Conservancy Hamburg and for the protection of endangered plants") in 1985. One of the main purposes of this organisation is a public awareness campaign about the ecological value of wildflowers. This campaign which celebrate a wildflower of the year was established in 1980. The announcement for the flower of the year is often published in October and events to protect the critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable wildflowers are organised. In 2003, Schmidt published a book about this campaign with watercolour illustrations of the plants by herself and a foreword titled "With Loki's eyes" written by Siegfried Lenz.

List of wildflowers announced as Flower of the Year in Germany[edit]

Year Scientific name English name German name Image
1980 Gentiana pneumonanthe Marsh gentian Lungen-Enzian Lungenenzian Gentiana pneumonanthe b.JPG
1981 Narcissus pseudonarcissus Wild daffodil Gelbe Narzisse Narcissus pseudonarcissus flower 300303.jpg
1982 Cephalanthera rubra Red helleborine Rotes Waldvögelein Cephalanthera rubra Luxemburg 05.jpg
1983 Tulipa sylvestris Wild tulip Wildtulpe Tulipa sylvestris 230405.jpg
1984 Adonis aestivalis Summer pheasant's-eye Sommer-Adonisröschen Adonis aestivalis eF.jpg
1985 Aquilegia vulgaris Common columbine Wald-Akelei Aquilegia vulgaris 100503c.jpg
1986 Arnica montana Mountain arnica Arnika Arnica montana.JPG
1987 Eryngium maritimum Sea holly Stranddistel Mikolajek nadmorski R51 ubt.jpeg
1988 Calla palustris Bog arum Sumpf-Calla, Drachenwurz Calla palustris1.jpg
1989 Dianthus carthusianorum Carthusian pink Karthäuser-Nelke Dianthus carthusianorum 160505.jpg
1990 Jasione montana Sheep's bit scabious Sandknöpfchen Berg-Sandglöckchen Jasione montana.jpg
1991 Andromeda polifolia Bog-rosemary Rosmarinheide Andromeda polifolia sommerbluete bearbeitet.jpg
1992 Drosera rotundifolia Common sundew Rundblättriger Sonnentau Drosera rotundifolia 130405.jpg
1993 Fritillaria meleagris Snake's-head fritillary Schachbrettblume Kievitsbloem 22-04-2006 16.05.04.JPG
1994 Dactylorhiza majalis Western marsh orchid Breitblättriges Knabenkraut Knabenkraut 2286.jpg
1995 Trollius europaeus Globe-flower Trollblume Vessertal trollblumen.jpg
1996 Pulsatilla vulgaris Pasque-flower Echte Küchenschelle, Kuhschelle Pulsatilla vulgaris Saarland 02.jpg
1997 Carlina acaulis Stemless carline thistle Silberdistel Silberdistel.jpg
1998 Stratiotes aloides Water soldier Krebsschere, Wasseraloe Water soldier flower.JPG
1999 Caltha palustris Marsh marigold Sumpfdotterblume Caltha palustris.jpg
2000 Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum Purple gromwell Purpurblauer Steinsame Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum0.jpg
2001 Geranium sanguineum Bloody cranesbill Blutroter Storchschnabel Geranium sanguineum.jpg
2002 Viola riviniana Common dog-violet Hain-Veilchen Viola riviniana-01 (xndr).jpg
2003 Agrostemma githago Common corncockle Kornrade Agrostemma githago 120605.jpg
2004 Soldanella alpina Alpine snowbell Alpenglöckchen Soldanella alpina flowers 030704.jpg
2005 Rhinanthus angustifolius Greater yellow-rattle Großer Klappertopf Rhinanthus angustifolius.jpeg
2006 Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo flower Wiesen-Schaumkraut Cardamine pratensis-01 (xndr).jpg
2007 Geum rivale Water avens Bach-Nelkenwurz Geum.jpg
2008 Carduus nutans Nodding thistle Nickende Distel Carduus nutans habitus.jpeg
2009 Cichorium intybus Common chicory Wegwarte WegwarteBlüten.jpg
2010 Iris sibirica Siberian iris Sibirische Schwertlilie SibirischeLilie 03.JPG
2011 Narthecium ossifragum Bog asphodel Moorlilie Moorlilie.jpg
2012 Dianthus deltoides Maiden pink Heidenelke Dianthusdeltoidessweden.jpg
2013 Anemone hepatica Common hepatica Leberblümchen Hepatica nobilis flowers.JPG
2014 Butomus umbellatus Flowering rush Schwanenblume Butomus umbellatus - harilik luigelill Keilas.jpg

References[edit]