Floyd County, Kentucky

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Floyd County, Kentucky
Floyd County Courthouse (new), Prestonsburg.jpg
Floyd County Courthouse
Map of Kentucky highlighting Floyd County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1800
Named for John Floyd
Seat Prestonburg
Largest city Prestonburg
Area
 • Total 395.46 sq mi (1,024 km2)
 • Land 394.29 sq mi (1,021 km2)
 • Water 1.16 sq mi (3 km2), 0.29%
Population
 • (2010) 39,451
 • Density 100/sq mi (39/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.floydcountykentucky.com

Floyd County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,451.[1] Its county seat is Prestonsburg.[2] The county, founded in 1800, is named for Colonel John Floyd (1750–1783).[3][4]

History[edit]

On December 13, 1799, the Kentucky General Assembly passed legislation to form Floyd County as the 40th county of Kentucky.[5] The county was made from parts of Fleming, Montgomery, and Mason County, Kentucky. The legislation became effective on June 1, 1800.[5] The county was named for James John Floyd, pioneer surveyor who helped lay out the city of Louisville. The county seat was Preston's Station, later renamed Prestonsburg. The first court house burned down on April 8, 1808, destroying all the early records, so the earliest records of government activity come from the year 1808.[5] Prestonsburg was used as a Confederate stronghold during the Civil War and two battles took place nearby: the Battle of Ivy Mountain on November 8, 1861 and the Battle of Middle Creek on January 10, 1862.[5] Both were Union victories.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 395.46 square miles (1,024.2 km2), of which 394.29 square miles (1,021.2 km2) (or 99.70%) is land and 1.16 square miles (3.0 km2) (or 0.29%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 3,485
1820 8,207 135.5%
1830 4,347 −47.0%
1840 6,302 45.0%
1850 5,714 −9.3%
1860 6,388 11.8%
1870 7,877 23.3%
1880 10,176 29.2%
1890 11,256 10.6%
1900 15,552 38.2%
1910 18,623 19.7%
1920 27,427 47.3%
1930 41,942 52.9%
1940 52,986 26.3%
1950 53,500 1.0%
1960 41,642 −22.2%
1970 35,889 −13.8%
1980 48,764 35.9%
1990 43,586 −10.6%
2000 42,441 −2.6%
2010 39,451 −7.0%
Est. 2012 38,949 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]
Coal mining has always been a major industry in Floyd County.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,451 people residing in the county. 98.2% were White, 0.7% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races. 0.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 42,441 people, 16,881 households, and 12,272 families residing in the county. The population density was 108 per square mile (42 /km2). There were 18,551 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.73% White, 1.29% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The Kentucky Melungeons live primarily in Floyd and Magoffin counties, especially in a valley known as Big Lick in Floyd County.

There were 16,881 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 12.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $21,168, and the median income for a family was $25,717. Males had a median income of $30,242 versus $20,569 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,442. About 26.90% of families and 30.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.80% of those under age 18 and 20.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Education[edit]

The county's public schools are operated by the Floyd County School District.[10]

Economy[edit]

Coal companies in Floyd County[edit]

  • Blackhawk Mining[11]
  • James River Coal Company[12]

Presidential elections[edit]

Floyd County is traditionally a Democratic county. The county gave Bill Clinton over 65% in both 1992 and 1996 while George W. Bush never received more than 38% of the county's vote.[13] That stated, in 2008 it went for the Republican candidate for the first time since in the county's history.[14] As part of Kentucky's 5th congressional district it has been represented by Republican Hal Rogers since 1981.

See also[edit]

Notable native[edit]

  • Bette Henritze, stage, film and TV actress, was born on May 23, 1924 at Betsy Layne.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 127. 
  4. ^ http://www.kyenc.org/entry/f/FLOYD02.html
  5. ^ a b c d Kleber, John E. The Kentucky Encyclodpedia (University Press of Kentucky), p. 330
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Floyd County School District
  11. ^ Blackhawk Mining - Operations
  12. ^ James River Coal Company – McCoy Elkhorn complex
  13. ^ The New York Times Electoral Map (Zoom in on Kentucky)
  14. ^ File:PresidentialCounty1860Colorbrewer.gif
  15. ^ Floyd County record of the birth of Bette J. Henritze

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°34′N 82°45′W / 37.56°N 82.75°W / 37.56; -82.75