Fluoromethane

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Fluoromethane
Stick model of fluoromethane
Spacefill model of fluoromethane
Names
IUPAC name
Fluoromethane
Other names
Freon 41

Methyl fluoride
Halocarbon 41

Monofluoromethane
Identifiers
Abbreviations R41
1730725
593-53-3 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:28826 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL116838 YesY
ChemSpider 11148 YesY
EC number 209-796-6
391
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG C11147 YesY
MeSH Fluoromethane
PubChem 11638
UN number UN 2454
Properties
CH3F
Molar mass 34.03 g/mol
Appearance Colorless, odorless gas
Density 1.4397 g/L

0.557 g/cm3 (liquid) at saturation pressure at 25 °C

Melting point −137.8 °C (−216.0 °F; 135.3 K) [1]
Boiling point −78.4 °C (−109.1 °F; 194.8 K) [1]
1.66 L/kg (2.295 g/L)
Vapor pressure 3.3 MPa
Hazards
EU classification Very flammable (F+)
R-phrases R12
S-phrases S9, S16, S23, S24/25, S26, S28, S33, S36/37/39, S60
NFPA 704
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Flash point below 23 °C (73 °F). E.g., propane Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Fluoromethane, also known as methyl fluoride, Freon 41, Halocarbon-41 and HFC-41, is a non-toxic, liquefiable, and flammable gas at standard temperature and pressure. It is made of carbon, hydrogen, and fluorine. The name stems from the fact that it is methane (CH4) with a fluorine atom substituted for one of the hydrogen atoms.

The compound is the lowest mass member of the hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) family, compounds which contain only hydrogen, fluorine, and carbon. These are related to the Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)s, but since they do not contain chlorine, are not destructive to the ozone layer.[2]

It is used in the manufacture of semiconductor and electronic products. In the presence of an RF field fluoromethane will dissociate into fluoride ions that selectively etch silicon compound films (reactive-ion etching).

Fluoromethane has an agreeable ether-like odor and is also narcotic in high concentrations. Fluoromethane is highly flammable and burns in air with evolution of highly toxic hydrogen fluoride. The flame is colorless, similar to alcohol.

Bond energy of C-F is 552 kJ/mol and its length is 0.139 nm (typically 0.14 nm). Its molecular geometry is tetrahedral.

Its specific heat capacity is Cp = 38.171 J.mol−1.K−1 at 25 °C. Critical point of fluoromethane is at 44.9 °C (318.1 K) and 6.280 MPa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Record in the GESTIS Substance Database of the IFA
  2. ^ Fluoromethane CH3F

See also[edit]

External links[edit]