Flustrina

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Flustrina
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous–Recent
Flustra foliacea.jpg
Colony of Flustra foliacea (Flustridae)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Bryozoa
Class: Gymnolaemata
Order: Cheilostomata
Suborder: Flustrina
Smitt, 1868
Superfamilies
Synonyms

Cellulariomorpha
Neocheilostomina d'Hondt, 1985
(but see text)

Flustrina is a suborder under the order Cheilostomata of gymnolaematan Bryozoa (sea mats). The structure of the individual zooids is generally simple, a box-like chamber of calcium carbonate, the polypides reaching out through an uncalcified flexible frontal wall, often surrounded by numerous spines. Like in other gymnolaematans, their lophophore is protruded by muscles that pull on the frontal wall of the zooid.

In some treatments, the Flustrina are restricted to the superfamilies Calloporoidea and Flustroidea and ranked as infraorder alongside the Cellulariomorpha which contain the other three superfamilies. What here is considered the Fulstrina is then called the infraorder Neocheilostomina, and in a more radical variant also includes the Ascophora as another infraorder.[1]

The families Fusicellariidae, Skyloniidae, Bicorniferidae, as well as the genera Hoeverella and Taeniocellaria are currently incertae sedis within the Flustrina.

Systematics[edit]

The superfamilies and families (and notable genera) are listed in the presumed phylogenetic sequence:[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BryoZone (2004): Taxa Hierarchy
  2. ^ Phil Bock (January 15, 2009). "Systematic list of families of Bryozoa". Retrieved March 21, 2009.