Flying disc games
Flying disc games are games played with flying discs (sometimes called by the trademarked name Frisbees). Some of the games, such as Ultimate and Disc golf, are sports with substantial international followings.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
Disc sports, using the Frisbee (flying disc), began in the early-seventies. As numbers of young people became alienated from social norms, they resisted and looked for alternative recreational activities, including that of throwing a Frisbee. What started with a few players, in the sixties, like Victor Malafronte, Z Weyand and Ken Westerfield experimenting with new ways of throwing and catching a Frisbee, later would become known as playing freestyle. Organized disc sports, in the 1970s, began with promotional efforts from Wham-O and Irwin Toy (Canada), a few tournaments and professionals using Frisbee show tours to perform at universities, fairs and sporting events. Disc sports such as Freestyle, Double Disc Court, Guts, Disc Ultimate and Disc Golf became this sports first events. Two sports, the team sport of Disc Ultimate and Disc Golf are very popular worldwide and are now being played semi professionally. The World Flying Disc Federation, Professional Disc Golf Association, and the Freestyle Players Association, are the official rules and sanctioning organizations for flying disc sports worldwide. The game of Ultimate, the most widely played disc game, was developed in the late 1960s by Joel Silver and Jared Kass. In 1974, Freestyle competition was introduced by Ken Westerfield and Discrafts Jim Kenner. In 1976, the game of Disc golf was developed by Ed Headrick.
Ultimate (often called Ultimate Frisbee) is a competitive non-contact team sport played with a flying disc. The object of the game is to score points by passing the disc into the opposing endzone, similar to American football. Players may not run while holding the disc. The game was invented in 1968 as an evening pastime by Jared Kass. Ultimate is distinguished by its Spirit of the Game - the principles of fair play, sportsmanship, and the joy of play.
Games based on Ultimate
A number of games have evolved which are derived or similar to Ultimate, but played with different rules. These games are often played when available fields or teams are too small for a full sized ultimate game.
|Goaltimate||a half-court flying disc game derived from ultimate, similar to Hot Box|
|Hot box||a non-contact team sport which is similar to Ultimate, but played on a smaller field and with fewer players|
|Mini ultimate||a high energy, predominantly urban sport played on a smaller field than ultimate|
|Stop the chump||an indoor variation of Ultimate|
|Schtick disc||an Ultimate variant played with two discs where running with the disc is allowed|
Disc golf (also called frisbee golf or folf) is a game based on the rules of golf (referred to by disc golfers as "ball and stick golf"). It uses flying discs which are similar to the Frisbee, but usually smaller and denser. The discs are thrown towards a target, which serves as the "hole". The official targets are metal baskets with hanging chains to catch the discs.
Urban disc golf
||This article possibly contains original research. (September 2013)|
A variation of Disc Golf, this game involves a 175 gram flying disc in the Urban setting, without baskets.
THE WAY TO PLAY: Like golf there are many ways to play, everyone for themselves, teams, scramble and more. We don't use Disc Golf Discs due to the damage it could incur on a person or property. You will want to use a 175 gram Discraft or Frisbee. These will do little damage if it were to hit something or someone; the float time will also give those not aware of the disc time to move.
WHERE TO PLAY: Typically played where there are large building, no car traffic, and times when there is little foot traffic, concrete is a consideration for location as well (typically +1).
GENERAL RULES: -Player creates course; designating start line or space any specified directions around, over, under, or through obstacles, Any +1 or -1 additions the destination -If during play something is not properly explained or not accounted for, then there can be a group discussion on the misunderstanding to find out how to proceed. -The thrower is not at fault because the designer did not specify The thrower re-throws do to mutual misunderstanding -Concrete is +1 unless course creator says otherwise -Buildings are not +1 unless course creator says otherwise -You are not allowed to verbally instruct pedestrians on where to throw or leave your disc. -First throw is treated like a pull in the game of ultimate, you can move your feet as much as you want, as long as you do not cross the designated throwing space. -The furthest one from the destination goes next you are not allowed to advance a disc if it is in a place where you can not throw from (inside of a bush). You may however move backwards (which would in turn put the bush between you and your destination). -Spirit of the game is important, so yelling prior to a players throw is pour play as well as getting a pedestrian to throw another players disc in the opposite direction. There are many scenarios that can occur, but we want people to avoid them as you may want to play with the people you are with again.
COURSE CREATION: There are many ways to create a new course here are some examples:
Hit the ____: design a course that requires players to throw around trees and buildings to get to the final destination of hitting said object (i.e. sign, side of building, etc)
Land on ___: like the one above only now you want the disc to land in such a way that it is on an object (i.e. table, parking space, bench, etc)
Under or through ____: this is nice when you have breeze ways, signs, arch ways, benches, bicycle racks
Roller: this one you will designate the start of the roll and where the roll has to ends. If there are multiple roles we usually use something to designate where our next role has to start, like a hat or water bottle.
How many throws: Find an object that is throwing distance away and see who takes the least amount of throws to hit, land on, go through destination. This can be really fun when combined with a roller, in which you have to hit the disc after your teammate rolls it.
Run and gun: as a team, you progress the disc like that in ultimate, running and catching, to see who can get to the destination first. Dropped passes have to be re-thrown. Think about how far away you can hit the object on the last throw.
Disc games adapted from non-disc games
These games originated when the rules of another game were adjusted to use a flying disc in place of a ball.
|Dodge disc||a variation of dodgeball using a flying disc in place of the ball or balls|
|Guts||a team sport, similar to murderball[disambiguation needed]|
|Crosbee||adapted from lacrosse, it is in many ways a cross between touch football and ultimate|
|500||Can also be played with a football or other ball. One player throws the disk to the other players and calls out a number between 0 and 500. The catcher wins that number of points, and the first player to earn 500 is the new thrower.|
These (non-team) games emphasize throwing and catching and performing tricks.
|Disc dog||dogs and their human disc throwers compete in events such as distance catching and somewhat choreographed freestyle catching|
|Flying disc freestyle||athletes perform tricks with a flying disc|
Freestyle is an event where teams of two or three players perform a routine which consists of a series of creative throwing and catching techniques set to music. The routine is judged on the basis of difficulty, execution and presentation. The team with the best total score is declared the winner.
In 1974, Ken Westerfield and Jim Kenner (founder and CEO of Discraft), introduce and win the first flying disc freestyle competition at the 3rd annual Canadian Open Frisbee Championships, Toronto, Canada. This was the first Frisbee freestyle competition ever.
A year later the American Flying Disc Open (AFDO) Rochester, New York, and the 1975 World Frisbee Championships, held at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California, adopted Ken and Jims freestyle competition format as one of their events. Today this same freestyle event is now accepted as one of the premier events in Flying disc tournaments worldwide.
The Freestyle Players Association was formed to oversee the competitive aspects of freestyle frisbee, and to help new players learn how to freestyle.
Fricket is a non-contact game of skill using a flying disc, 4' wickets, and some plastic cups. Fricket is also frequently called Cups, Suzy Sticks or Disc Cricket. (The name “Fricket” is derived from the combination of the words "Frisbee" and "Cricket.")
Double disc court
Double disc court (DDC) is a sport played with two flying discs. It is played between two teams of two players each. Teammates stand in the same court. The goal is to defend a court from an attack by the opponents. Two identical square courts are located on a level playing field of grass measuring 13 meters on a side. The distance between the courts is 17 meters. Attacks are made in two ways: by throwing a disc in play into the opponents' court in an attempt to have the disc come to rest within that court without ever having touched out-of-bounds, or by causing both discs to be touched by a player or players on the opposing team at the same time (called a "double"). A team scores a point whenever they make a successful attack or whenever an opponent throws a disc out-of-bounds. The first team to score the requisite number of points as determined by the competitive format wins the game.
- Durango boot
- Flutterguts — a game used mainly to practice catching flying discs
- Kan-jam - a variation of horseshoes.
- Jordan Holtzman-Conston (2010). Countercultural Sports in America: The History and Meaning of Ultimate Frisbee. Waltham, Mass. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
- "Freestyle Players Association". The History of Flying Disc Freestyle. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
- "World Flying Disc Federation". WFDF Official Website. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "World Flying Disc Federation". History of the Flying Disc. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
- "Professional Disc Golf Association". PDGA Official Website. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "American Ultimate Disc League". AUDL Official Website. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
- "Canadian Open Freestyle History". Retrieved October 23, 2012.
- Official Schtick Disc Site
- Posted by DougyD (2008-08-16). "Crosbee - a Frisbee game". Crosbee.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
- Specialties, Youth (1997). Games 2. ISBN 9780310220312.
- Sanchez, Rodney and Bethany. "Freestyle Frisbee Basics". Freestyle Players Association. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
- "Freestyle". Discraft Freestyle. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- "Best Freestyle Routine". The Decade Awards 1970-75 Top Routine. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- "Canadian Open Freestyle History". Freestyle Players Association. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- "Freestyle Players Association". Home Page. Retrieved May 13, 2013.