Many of the villagers have emigrated overseas, mainly to the United States and New Zealand. Like the rest of Samoa, Foailuga is governed at a local level by chiefs (matai) with support from the women's committee in the village. Life remains relatively traditional with subsistence living from food and crops grown in plantations as well as fishing.
The people of Foailuga are mainly Methodist and Mormon. Sports include volleyball, basketball, and kilikiti, Samoan cricket.