Foaming agent

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A foaming agent is a material that facilitates formation of foam. The term refers to either:

Surfactants[edit]

Main article: Surfactant

Sodium laureth sulfate, or sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES), is a detergent and surfactant found in many personal care products (soaps, shampoos, toothpastes, etc.). It is an inexpensive and effective foamer. Sodium lauryl sulfate (also known as sodium dodecyl sulfate or SDS) and ammonium lauryl sulfate (ALS) are commonly used alternatives to SLES in consumer products.[2]

Blowing agents[edit]

Main article: Blowing agent

There are two main types of blowing agents: gases at the temperature that the foam is formed, and gasses generated by chemical reaction. Carbon dioxide, pentane, and chlorofluorocarbons are examples of the former. Blowing agents that produce gas via chemical reactions include baking powder, azodicarbonamide, titanium hydride, and isocyanates (when they react with water).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1972, 31, 612IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology 2nd Edition (1997)
  2. ^ Sodium Laureth Sulfate POE(2). Chemical Land 21, Seoul, Korea. Product Identification