Fogera is one of the woredas in the Amhara Region of northwest Ethiopia. Fogera is part of the Debub Gondar Zone. The district is bordered on the south by Dera, on the west by Lake Tana, on the north by the Reb which separates it from Kemekem, on the northeast by Ebenat, and on the east by Farta.
Geography and climate
The altitude of this woreda ranges from 1774 to 2415 meters above sea level. Rivers in Fogera include the Gumara and the Reb, both of which drain into Lake Tana. A survey of the land in Fogera shows that 44.2% is arable or cultivable and another 20% is irrigated, 22.9% is used for pasture, 1.8% has forest or shrubland, 3.7% is covered with water, and the remaining 7.4% is considered degraded or other.
Some 490 square kilometers of land adjacent to Lake Tana is subject to regular and severe flooding. The woreda was heavily affected by the flash floods in Ethiopia that in September 2006. The heavy rain caused Lake Tana to overflow its banks, making thousands of people homeless. "Thousands of heads of cattle, whole silos of grain, and significant tracts of grazing and farmland have been washed away," according to IRIN.
Fogera has 55 kilometers of dry-weather road and 67 kilometers of all-weather road, for an average of road density of 111 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers.
Teff, corn, sorghum, cotton and sesame are important cash crops. Fogera is also known for its breed of cattle, which has a large frame and is one of the best native milk cows in Ethiopia; however, because other breeds of cattle are brought from Dera and Kemekem woredas to the Fogera plains in the dry season, the local breed is at risk of genetic dilution.
There are 16 co-operatives, 9 of which are multi-purpose, 4 irrigation and 3 financial cooperatives. The multi-purpose cooperatives provide milling service, sell basic household goods, and distribute agricultural inputs in collaboration with the Agricultural Input Supply Corporation and the Ambasel and Merkeb Union cooperatives. Also located in this woreda is the community of Awra Amba, an Ethiopian grass-roots experiment in egalitarian living.
One micro-finance institution operates in this woreda: the Amhara Credit and Saving Institution SC (ACSI), established in 1998. ACSI has extended loans totaling 8,678,581 Birr to 5,484 people for farm-related purposes; of these, 53 people defaulted on loans totaling 24,725.30 Birr.
Based on 2007 national census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), this woreda has a total population of 228,449. This is an increase of 23.30% over the 1994 census showing of 185,280 inhabitants. By gender, the population has held steady in a split of about 51% male to 49% female. Urbanization is increasing, with urban dwellers reported at 9.92% of the population (18,375 persons) in 1994 but 11.03% of the population (25,190 persons) in 2007.
With an area of 1,111.43 square kilometers, Fogera has a population density of 205.55, which is greater than the Zone average of 145.56 persons per square kilometer. A total of 52,905 households were counted in this woreda, resulting in an average of 4.32 persons to a household. This is a 38% increase in households from 1994 (37,258 households). The 2007 census reported 51,504 housing units in the woreda.
- Fogera Woreda: Pilot Learning Site, Diagnosis and Program Design, IPMS Information Resources Portal - Ethiopia, January 2005, pp. 6, 15, retrieved 10 March 2009
- Ethiopia-Sudan Power Systems Interconnection Project, ESIA Final Report, Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation, p. 55.[dead link] This was based on information provided by the woreda in 2006.
- World Bank (2 May 2008), Tana & Beles Integrated Water Resources Development: Project Appraisal Document (PAD), Vol.1, retrieved 5 May 2009
- "Finding shelter away from flooding". Addis Ababa: Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN). 6 September 2006. Retrieved 17 October 2006.
- "Flood waters receding". Nairobi: Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN). 26 September 2006. Retrieved 17 October 2006.
- Census 2007 Tables: Amhara Region, Tables 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 3.1, 3.2 and 3.4.
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Amhara Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.7, 2.10, 2.13, 2.17, Annex II.2 (accessed 9 April 2009)