Fokino, Primorsky Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Fokino (inhabited locality).
Fokino (English)
Фокино (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Fokino is located in Primorsky Krai
Fokino
Fokino
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Fokino in Primorsky Krai
Coordinates: 42°58′N 132°24′E / 42.967°N 132.400°E / 42.967; 132.400Coordinates: 42°58′N 132°24′E / 42.967°N 132.400°E / 42.967; 132.400
Coat of Arms of Fokino (Primorsky kray).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Primorsky Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to Fokino Town Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Fokino Town Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2011)
Urban okrug Fokino Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Fokino Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Gennady Buchirin[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 23,696 inhabitants[3]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+11:00)[4]
Founded 1891[citation needed]
Town status since October 4, 1980[citation needed]
Previous names Tikhookeansky (until 1980),[citation needed]
Shkotovo-17 (until 1994)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 69288x
Dialing code(s) +7 42339[citation needed]
Official website
Fokino on WikiCommons

Fokino (Russian: Фо́кино) is a closed town in Primorsky Krai, Russia, situated on the coast of the Peter the Great Gulf between Vladivostok and Nakhodka, on the Abrek Bay, about 45 kilometers (28 mi) south of Vladivostok. Population: 23,696 (2010 Census);[3] 26,457 (2002 Census).[6]

History[edit]

The village of Promyslovka was founded on the current site of Fokino in 1891.[citation needed] Promyslovka was granted urban-type settlement status in 1958, and the nearby naval village of Tikhookeansky followed suit in 1963. The settlements grew together, were merged and were granted town status on October 4, 1980.[citation needed] However, due to its status as a base for the Russian Pacific Fleet, the town was closed, and referred to officially under the code name Shkotovo-17.[citation needed] Since 1994, Fokino has been the official name of the town.[citation needed]

After the APEC-2012 Summit was held in Vladivostok, Fokino will become the main naval base at the Russian Far East, where the Russian Pacific Fleet will be attached.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two urban-type settlements, incorporated as Fokino Town Under Krai Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Fokino Town Under Krai Jurisdiction is incorporated as Fokino Urban Okrug.[2]

Tourism[edit]

It is a closed town because the Russian Pacific Fleet is based there. Foreigners must have a special permit to visit the town. However, the Islands of Putyatin and Askold, which are a part of the territory administered by the town, are open for visits by tourists. Up to two thousand tourists visit Putyatin every year. They are attracted by the unique flora and fauna in the waters surrounding this island and its underwater landscape. Approximately 2,400 people inhabit Putyatin Island. Their main occupation is catching and processing sea products, breeding mink and spotted deer.

There is no permanent population on Askold. It is rarely visited by tourists because of the absence of regular transport connections with the mainland, and the status of the island which until 1995 had formed part of the Reserve where no economic activity was allowed. There are deposits of gold estimated at dozens of tonnes on Askold.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #161-KZ
  2. ^ a b c Decision #384
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №161-КЗ от 14 ноября 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края», в ред. Закона №331-КЗ от 19 декабря 2013 г. «Об изменении категории посёлка городского типа Горный, о преобразовании Горненского городского поселения, входящего в состав Кировского муниципального района Приморского края, и внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красное знамя Приморья", №69 (119), 29 ноября 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #161-KZ of November 14, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai, as amended by the Law #331-KZ of December 19, 2013 On Changing the Category of the Urban-Type Settlement of Gorny, on the Transformation of Gornenskoye Urban Settlement Within Kirovsky Municipal District of Primorsky Krai, and on Amending Several Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Дума городского округа ЗАТО город Фокино. Решение №384 от 25 марта 2005 г. «Устав городского округа ЗАТО город Фокино», в ред. Решения №109-МПА от 25 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав городского округа ЗАТО город Фокино». (Duma of the Urban Okrug of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formation of the Town of Fokino. Decision #384 of March 25, 2005 Charter of the Urban Okrug of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formation of the Town of Fokino, as amended by the Decision #109-MPA of November 25, 2013 On Amending the Charter of the Urban Okrug of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formation of the Town of Fokino. ).