Fokino, Primorsky Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Fokino (inhabited locality).
Fokino (English)
Фокино (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Fokino is located in Primorsky Krai
Fokino
Fokino
Location of Fokino in Primorsky Krai
Coordinates: 42°58′N 132°24′E / 42.967°N 132.400°E / 42.967; 132.400Coordinates: 42°58′N 132°24′E / 42.967°N 132.400°E / 42.967; 132.400
Coat of Arms of Fokino (Primorsky kray).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Primorsky Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to Fokino Town Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Fokino Town Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2013)
Urban okrug Fokino Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Fokino Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needed] Pavel Posvezhenny[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 23,696 inhabitants[3]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+10:00)[4]
Founded October 4, 1980[citation needed]
Town status since October 4, 1980[citation needed]
Previous names Tikhookeansky (until 1980),[citation needed]
Shkotovo-17 (until 1994)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 692880, 692881
Dialing code(s) +7 42339[citation needed]
Official website
Fokino on WikiCommons

Fokino (Russian: Фо́кино) is a closed town in Primorsky Krai, Russia, located on the coast of the Peter the Great Gulf, on the Abrek Bay, about 45 kilometers (28 mi) south of Vladivostok, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 23,696 (2010 Census);[3] 26,457 (2002 Census).[6]

History[edit]

The village of Promyslovka was founded on the current site of Fokino in 1891. Promyslovka was granted urban-type settlement status in 1958, and the nearby naval village of Tikhookeansky followed suit in 1963. The settlements grew together, were merged, and were granted town status on October 4, 1980.[citation needed] However, due to its status as a base for the Russian Pacific Fleet, the town was closed, and referred to officially under the code name Shkotovo-17.[citation needed] Since 1994, Fokino has been the official name of the town.[citation needed]

After the APEC-2012 Summit was held in Vladivostok, Fokino will become the main naval base at the Russian Far East, where the Russian Pacific Fleet will be attached.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two urban-type settlements (Dunay and Putyatin), incorporated as Fokino Town Under Krai Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Fokino Town Under Krai Jurisdiction is incorporated as Fokino Urban Okrug.[2]

Tourism[edit]

It is a closed town because the Russian Pacific Fleet is based there. Foreigners must have a special permit to visit the town. However, the Islands of Putyatin and Askold, which are a part of the territory administered by the town, are open for visits by tourists. Up to two thousand tourists visit Putyatin every year. They are attracted by the unique flora and fauna in the waters surrounding this island and its underwater landscape. Approximately 2,400 people inhabit Putyatin Island. Their main occupation is catching and processing sea products, breeding mink and spotted deer.

There is no permanent population on Askold. It is rarely visited by tourists because of the absence of regular transport connections with the mainland, and the status of the island which until 1995 had formed part of the Reserve where no economic activity was allowed. There are deposits of gold estimated at dozens of tonnes on Askold.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #161-KZ
  2. ^ a b c Decision #384
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №161-КЗ от 14 ноября 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края», в ред. Закона №331-КЗ от 19 декабря 2013 г. «Об изменении категории посёлка городского типа Горный, о преобразовании Горненского городского поселения, входящего в состав Кировского муниципального района Приморского края, и внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красное знамя Приморья", №69 (119), 29 ноября 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #161-KZ of November 14, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai, as amended by the Law #331-KZ of December 19, 2013 On Changing the Category of the Urban-Type Settlement of Gorny, on the Transformation of Gornenskoye Urban Settlement Within Kirovsky Municipal District of Primorsky Krai, and on Amending Several Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Дума городского округа ЗАТО город Фокино. Решение №384 от 25 марта 2005 г. «Устав городского округа ЗАТО город Фокино», в ред. Решения №181-МПА от 24 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав городского округа ЗАТО город Фокино». (Duma of the Urban Okrug of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formation of the Town of Fokino. Decision #384 of March 25, 2005 Charter of the Urban Okrug of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formation of the Town of Fokino, as amended by the Decision #181-MPA of July 24, 2014 On Amending the Charter of the Urban Okrug of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formation of the Town of Fokino. ).