The Fokker D.XVI was a fighter aircraft developed in the Netherlands in the late 1920s. It was a conventional, single-bay sesquiplane with staggered wings braced with V-struts. It featured an open cockpit and fixed, tailskid undercarriage. The wings were of wood with plywood covering, and the fuselage was of steel tube construction with fabric covering.
The Royal Netherlands Army ordered 14 aircraft, which differed from the prototype in having divided main undercarriage units in place of the prototype's cross-axle, and Hungary purchased four aircraft with Gnome et Rhône-built Bristol Jupiter engines in place of the Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar engines used on the Dutch machines. Evaluation aircraft were also provided to China and Italy, and the Netherlands East Indies Army. This last machine was powered by a Curtiss V-1570, which crashed in March 1931 on Schiphol. Instead of the D.XVI, Fokker manufactured the Fokker D.XVII with the same type engine. The D.XVI also won a competition organised by the government of Romania to select a new fighter, but despite this, no orders were placed. One plane of the Dutch Army was given to Romania.