Fokker T.IV

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
T.IV
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Een Fokker T-IV watervliegtuig van de MLD op de vliegbasis in Soerabaja TMnr 10028258.jpg
Role Maritime patrol floatplane
Manufacturer Fokker
First flight 1927
Introduction 1927
Retired 1942
Primary users Netherlands
Portugal
Number built 33

The Fokker T.IV was a Dutch torpedo bomber/maritime reconnaissance floatplane of the 1920s and 30s. First flying in 1927, it served with the Dutch Naval Aviation Service in the Dutch East Indies until the remaining aircraft were destroyed during the Japanese invasion in 1942.

Development and design[edit]

The Fokker T.IV was developed to meet the requirements of the Royal Netherlands Navy for a maritime patrol/torpedo bomber aircraft for use in the Dutch East Indies. First flying on June 7, 1927,[1] the T.IV was a twin engined floatplane with a thick, cantilever, high mounted monoplane wing and a deep, slab-sided fuselage with an open cockpit housing the two-man crew. The aircraft could carry either a torpedo or 800 kg (1,764 lb) of bombs, and had a defensive armament of three machine guns in nose, dorsal and ventral positions, The initial version was powered by two 450 hp (340 kW) Lorraine-Dietrich 12E W-12 engines.

In 1935, Fokker produced a developed version, the T-IVa, to supplement the existing T-IVs in Dutch service. Wright Cyclone radial engines replaced the Lorraine Dietriches, while the pilots were provided with an enclosed cockpit in a hump over the wing root, and enclosed nose and dorsal gun turrets were fitted.[2] 12 were built for the Dutch Naval Aviation Service, while the remaining T-IVs were rebuilt to the T-IVa standard.[2]

Operational history[edit]

Deliveries of the original T.IV to the Dutch Naval Aviation Service in the Dutch East Indies started in 1927 and continued until 1930.[3] The second batch of 12 TIVa aircraft was delivered to the East Indies from 1936 to 1938,[3] and the original T.IVs were rebuilt as T.IVas.[4]

The T.IV proved to be a reliable and seaworthy aircraft,[5] and continued in use for local patrols and air-sea rescue operations from the naval base at Soerabaja on Java until 1942, when the Japanese attacked the Dutch East Indies.[6] All the remaining TIVs were destroyed during the Japanese invasion, either by Japanese bombing or scuttling.[6][3]

Variants[edit]

T.IV
Original production version, powered by 336 kW (450 hp) Lorraine-Dietrich 12E engines. 18 built.[5]
T.IVa
Refined version with Wright SR-1820-F2 Cyclone radial engines, enclosed cockpit and gun turrets. 12 built.

Operators[edit]

 Netherlands
 Portugal

Specifications (T.IVa)[edit]

Data from The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft [5]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • 1 × 7.9 mm (.31 in) Browning machine gun each in nose and dorsal turrets and ventral position
  • Up to 800 kg (1,764 lb) bombs internally or 1 × torpedo externally.

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gunston 1977, p.85.
  2. ^ a b c Taylor 1981, p.145.
  3. ^ a b c Hayles,John. Netherlands Naval Aviation: Aircraft Types: Fokker T.IV Aeroflight. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  4. ^ Taylor 1989, p.408
  5. ^ a b c d Donald 1997, p.440
  6. ^ a b Purnell 1978-79, p. 2336.

Bibliography[edit]

  • "THE FOKKER T. IV SEAPLANE: A Twin-Engined Torpedo or Bombing Monoplane". Flight. 26 January 1928. Pages 49-50.
  • Donald, David (ed.) The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Aerospace Publishing. 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  • Gunston, Bill. The Encyclopedia of the World's Combat Aircraft. Feltham, Middlesex, UK,: Hamlyn, 1977. ISBN 0-600-33144-X.
  • Taylor, M.J.H. Warplanes of the World: 1918-1939. Shepperton, Surry, UK: Ian Allen, 1981. ISBN 0-7110-1078-1.
  • Taylor M.J.H.(Editor). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Bracken, 1989. ISBN 1-85170-324-1.
  • Purnell's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Modern Weapons and Warfare (Part work 1978-1979). London : Phoebus. p.2336.

External links[edit]