Folies Bergère

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Folies Bergère
Folies Bergere after renovatation of facade 2013.jpg
2013, after renovation of facade
Folies Bergère is located in France
Folies Bergère
Address 32 rue Richer
Paris
France
Coordinates 48°52′27″N 2°20′42″E / 48.8742°N 2.3449°E / 48.8742; 2.3449
Designation Cabaret music-hall
Construction
Opened 2 May 1869
Architect Plumeret
Website
Foliesbergere.com

The Folies Bergère (French pronunciation: ​[fɔ.li bɛʁ.ʒɛʁ]) is a cabaret music hall, located in Paris, France.

Established in 1869, the house was at the height of its fame and popularity from the 1890s' Belle Époque through the 1920s' Années folles. The institution is still in business, and is always a strong symbol of French and Parisian life.

History[edit]

Jules Chéret, Folies Bergère, Fleur de Lotus, 1893 Art Nouveau poster for the Ballet Pantomime
Costume, c. 1900

Located at 32 rue Richer in the 9th Arrondissement, the Folies Bergère was built as an opera house by the architect Plumeret. The closest métro stations are Cadet and Grands Boulevards.

It opened on 2 May 1869 as the Folies Trévise, with light entertainment including operettas, opéra comique (comic opera), popular songs, and gymnastics. It became the Folies Bergère on 13 September 1872, named after a nearby street, the rue Bergère ("bergère" means "shepherdess").[1] The American impresario Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr., named his light-hearted, extravagant Broadway revues the Ziegfeld Follies (1907-1931), after the Parisian venue.

In 1882, Édouard Manet painted his well-known painting A Bar at the Folies-Bergère which depicts a bar-girl, one of the demimondaines, standing before a mirror.

In 1886, Édouard Marchand conceived a new genre of entertainment for the Folies Bergère: the music-hall review. Women would be the heart of Marchand's concept for the Folies. In the early 1890s, the American dancer Loie Fuller starred at the Folies Bergère. In 1902, illness forced Marchand to leave after 16 years.[2]

Josephine Baker in a banana skirt from the Folies Bergère production Un Vent de Folie

In 1918, Paul Derval (1880–1966) made his mark on the review. His reviews were to feature extravagant costumes, sets and effects, and his "small nude women". Derval's small nude women would become the hallmark of the Folies. During his 48 years at the Folies, he launched the careers of many French stars including Maurice Chevalier, Mistinguett, Josephine Baker, Fernandel and many others. In 1926, Josephine Baker, an African-American expatriate singer, dancer, and entertainer, caused a sensation at the Folies Bergère in a new revue, La Folie du Jour, in which she danced a number Fatou wearing a costume consisting of a skirt made of a string of artificial bananas and little else. Her erotic dancing and near nude performances were renowned. The Folies Bergère catered to popular taste. Shows featured elaborate costumes; the women's were frequently revealing, practically leaving them naked, and shows often contained a good deal of nudity. Shows also played up the "exoticness" of persons and objects from other cultures, obliging the Parisian fascination with the négritude of the 1920s.

In 1936, Derval brought Josephine Baker from New York to lead the review En Super Folies. Michel Gyarmathy, a young Hungarian arrived from Balassagyarmat, his hometown, designed the poster for En Super Folies, a show starring Josephine Baker in 1936. This began a long love story between Michel Gyarmathy, Paris, the Folies Bergère and the public of the whole world which lasted 56 years. The funeral of Paul Derval was held on 20 May 1966. He was 86 and had reigned supreme over the most celebrated music hall in the world. His wife Antonia, supported by Michel Gyarmathy, succeeded him. In August 1974, the Folies Antonia Derval passed on the direction of the business to Hélène Martini, the empress of the night (25 years earlier she had been a showgirl in the revues). This new mistress of the house reverted to the original concept to maintain the continued existence of the last music hall which remained faithful to the tradition.

Since 2006, the Folies Bergère has presented some musical productions with stage entertainment like Cabaret (2006–2008) or Zorro the Musical (2009–2010).

Performers[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Similar venues[edit]

The Folies Bergère inspired the Ziegfeld Follies in the United States and other similar shows, including a longstanding revue at the Tropicana Resort & Casino in Las Vegas and the Teatro Follies in Mexico. In the 1930s and '40s the impresario Clifford C. Fischer staged several Folies Bergere productions in the United States. These included the Folies Bergère of 1939 at the Broadway Theater in New York[3] and the Folies Bergère of 1944 at the Winterland Ballroom [4][5] in San Francisco.

The Las Vegas Folies Bergere, which opened in 1959, closed at the end of March 2009 after nearly 50 years in operation.[6][7][8] Another recent example is Faceboyz Folliez, a monthly burlesque and variety show at the Bowery Poetry Club in New York City.[9][10]

References[edit]

  • In the musical Nine, the character of Liliane La Fleur sings a song titled "Folies Bergère" in an homage to the Folies Bergère and similar musical acts.
  • In the Captain Scarlett episode 'Model Spy' Colonel White remarks that Cloudbase is an operational base and not the Folies Bergère.
  • In Richard Connell's [Most Dangerous Game], General Zaroff "hummed a snatch of song from the 'Folies Bergere'" when referring to the pack of dogs he released to patrol the grounds every night.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Brief History of the Folies-Bergère Art & Architecture
  2. ^ "Édouard Marchand et les Folies bergère". Webcache.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  3. ^ "Folies Bergère 1939". Playbillvault.com. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  4. ^ "Follies Bergere in San Francisco, 1944". News.google.com. 1943-11-23. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  5. ^ "Poster, card, and photo from The Folies Bergere of 1944 in San Francisco". Glopad.org. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  6. ^ Prentice, Claire (2009-03-28). "BBC: Folies bows out amid credit crisis". BBC News. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  7. ^ "Folies Bergere To Close In Las Vegas". NPR. 2009-02-23. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  8. ^ John Palmer. "‘Les Folies Bergere’ to end run at Tropicana". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  9. ^ Name. "Just Do Art! | The Villager Newspaper". Thevillager.com. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  10. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]