Folly Island

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For South Pacific island by the same name, see Folly Island, New Zealand.
Folly Island, South Carolina
Folly Beach
Folly Beach
Location of Folly Beach inSouth Carolina
Location of Folly Beach in
South Carolina
Coordinates: 32°39′38″N 79°55′52″W / 32.66056°N 79.93111°W / 32.66056; -79.93111
Area
 • Total 48.3 km2 (18.6 sq mi)
 • Land 31.8 km2 (12.3 sq mi)
 • Water 16.5 km2 (6.4 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 45-26035[1]
GNIS feature ID 1231287[2]

Folly Island is a barrier island in the Atlantic Ocean near Charleston, South Carolina. It is one of the Sea Islands and is within the boundaries of Charleston County, South Carolina. During the American Civil War, the 7-square-mile (18 km2) island served as a major staging area for troops of the Union Army that were attacking Confederate forces in the Charleston region. The largest settlement on Folly Island is Folly Beach.

History[edit]

The name Folly comes from an Old English term meaning "dense foliage." When Europeans first landed on the island in the early 1600s, they discovered a Native American tribe called the Bohickets. It is unclear what happened to them after the land was deeded to William Rivers in 1696.[3][4] Pirates were known to sail along the South Carolina coast and the many inlets, sounds, bays formed by barrier islands and sea islands like Folly Island. Two of the most memorable were Edward Teach, known as Black Beard, and Stede Bonnet.[5][6]

For a time, Folly Island was known as Coffin Island not because of deaths or burials, but because of its ownership by the Coffin family, plantation owners of Beaufort and Charleston counties.

The only Civil War related fighting to occur on the island was on May 10, 1863 when Confederate forces attacked Federal forces. Since the Confederates were on a fact-finding mission, the fighting was very small scale. Folly was occupied by the Union army in August 1863 and served as a supply depot and camp for the troops besieging Charleston. Folly Island stayed in Federal control for the rest of the war. It was used as the staging area for the Battle of Morris Island which was fought July–September 1863.[7] Fort Wagner was located on Morris Island and was the site of the battle fought at the end of the 1989 film Glory.

In the summer of 1934, composer George Gershwin and author DuBose Heyward, went to Folly Island to work on their American folk opera, Porgy and Bess.

Folly Beach is occasionally impacted by hurricanes passing up the Atlantic Coast in the form of wind, rain and heavy surf which causes beach erosion. The most recent hurricane to impact Folly Island was Hurricane Irene in 2011 which caused severe beach erosion and forced the closure of the Folly Beach County Park, a popular public beach access point.[8]

References[edit]