Fond du Lac Indian Reservation. (1854-1858 reservation shown in orange outline. 1858-present reservation shown in dark red.) Original core Fond du Lac Band area before relocation to the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation shown in green.
The tribe ceded land as part of an 1837 treaty along with other Ojibwa bands, located mainly from east-central Minnesota to north-central Wisconsin. Later, along with other Ojibwa tribes, the Fond du Lac Band ceded large tracts of land located mainly in the Lake Superior watershed in Wisconsin and western Upper Peninsula of Michigan as part of a treaty in 1842. In addition, the tribe ceded land as part of an 1854 treaty with the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa (largely situated along the northern shore of Lake Superior in Minnesota). With this treaty, the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation was established farther up the Saint Louis River at its present location. The original Nagaajiwanaang Reservation was 1.25 times the current size. However, the treaty discussions clearly promised the inclusion of the Perch and Big Lakes but the original reservation did not, but instead extended westward to the western boundaries of the 1854 Ceded Territory. With an appeal, the Reservation was extended southward to include the two said lakes, but as a concession, the western boundaries were shortened eastward to its present location.