Font family (HTML)

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In HTML and XHTML, a font face or font family is the typeface that will be applied by a web browser to some text. The font is relevant for the display of text on the screen, on a printer or another device.

A font family and other presentation attributes of a font may be applied in HTML code in either cascading style sheets (CSS) or the deprecated HTML font element.

.text { font-family: times, serif; font-size:14pt; font-style:italic; }
<p class="text">
Sample text formatted with CSS in a separate stylesheet.
</p>
 
<p style="font-family: times, serif; font-size:14pt; font-style:italic">
Sample text formatted with inline CSS.
</p>
 
<p><i><font face="times, serif" size="3">
Sample text formatted with the deprecated FONT tag.
</font></i></p>

When using CSS to apply a font whose name has whitespace in it, use quotes or single quotes to delimit the name.

.text { font-family: "calibri", Garamond, 'Comic Sans'; }

In CSS, a font-family (or face in HTML) consists of a set of related fonts, grouped as font families. For example, the Times family includes different font sizes, styles (like roman and italic), and weight (like regular and bold).

The web browser will only be able to apply a font if it is available on the system on which it operates, which is not always the case. HTML code writers may list in preferential order font families to use when rendering text. The font list is separated by commas (as shown above). To avoid unexpected results, the last font family on the font list should be one of the five generic families which are by default always available in HTML and CSS. In the absence of a font being found, the web browser will use its default font, which may be a user-defined one. Depending on the web browser, a user can in fact override the font defined by the code writer. This may be for personal taste reasons, but may also be because of some physical limitation of the user, such as the need for a larger font size or the avoidance of certain colors.

Generic fonts[edit]

The font-family can use a specific named font (like Heisei Mincho W9), but the result depends on the fonts installed on the user machine. The actual appearance will depend on the browser and the fonts installed on the system.[1] A default installation of Firefox on Microsoft Windows, for instance, always displays serif and Times as Times New Roman, and sans-serif and Helvetica as Arial.

Font Example (dependent on installed fonts)
Agency FB ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Antiqua ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Architect ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Arial ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
BankFuturistic ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
BankGothic ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Blackletter ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Calibri ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Comic Sans ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Courier ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Cursive ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Decorative ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Fantasy ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Fraktur ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Frosty ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Garamond ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Georgia ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Helvetica ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Impact ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Minion ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Modern ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Monospace ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Palatino ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Roman ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Sans-serif ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Serif ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Script ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Swiss ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Times ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Times New Roman ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Tw Cen MT ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789
Verdana ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. 0123456789

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Fonts". W3.org. Retrieved 2013-09-21.