|Intercommunality||Pays des Sorgues et des Monts de Vaucluse|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Christian Tallieux|
|• Land1||7.14 km2 (2.76 sq mi)|
|• Population2 Density||96/km2 (250/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||84139 / 84800|
|Elevation||68–652 m (223–2,139 ft)
(avg. 80 m or 260 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The coat of arms of the village of Fontaine-de-Vaucluse is:
"Blue, with a Trout and a silver shadow, poised horizontally." (Malte-Brun, in France Illustrated, book V, 1884)
Fontaine-de-Vaucluse ("spring of Vaucluse") is built around a spring in a valley at the foot of the Vaucluse Mountains, between Saumane and Lagnes, not far from L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue. It is named after the spring, the source of the River Sorgue.
The fountain, or spring, of Vaucluse, situated at the feet of a steep cliff 230 metres high, is the biggest spring in France. It is also the fifth largest in the world with an annual flow of 630 million cubic metres.
This village of 600 inhabitants was once called Vaucluse or the closed valley (Vallis Clausa in Latin) and it gave its name to the French department of Vaucluse. Several trails indicate human occupation in the area since the neolithic era. Its spring has been the object of a major cult since Antiquity. Following some major discoveries from two cave dives by the SSFV, two archaeological sites under the protection of the SRA PACA has allowed more than 1600 antique coins from the first century BC to the 5th century AD to be brought back up to the surface. In 1946, Jacques Cousteau and another diver were almost killed while searching for the bottom of the fountain. An air compressor used to fill their tanks had taken in its own exhaust fumes and produced carbon monoxide - nearly killing them before they could return to the surface from a depth of approximately 100 meters in the fountain.
- 1962 : 615
- 1968 : 698
- 1975 : 532
- 1982 : 604
- 1990 : 580
- 1999 : 610
- 2006 : 685
Places and monuments
- The principal point of interest is the source of the Sorgue to the foot of a cliff 240 metres high: Its average flow is 22 m3 / second, the highest in France, and can attain 110 m3 after the snow melts. It wasn't until 1985 that the mystery of its origin was partially revealed: in effect, the lowest point is at -308m depth attained by a robot belonging to the Spelunking Society of Fontaine de Vaucluse. The spring is the only exit point of a subterranean basin of 1200 km2 that collects the water from Mount Ventoux, the Vaucluse mountains and from the Lure mountain.
- Ruins of the castle of the Bishop of Cavaillon
- Ancient paper mill
- Museum of the Resistance
- Petrarch museum (on the site of his former house)
- Santon museum
- Media related to Fontaine de Vaucluse at Wikimedia Commons
- tourism : visit of Fontaine-de-Vaucluse
- The History of the Fontaine de Vaucluse cave - SSFV : Fontaine de Vaucluse cave exploration and cave diving association
- Fontaine-de-Vaucluse sur le site de l'Institut Géographique National
- Fontaine-de-Vaucluse on the INSEE website
- Fontaine-de-Vaucluse on the Quid website
- Localisation of Fontaine-de-Vaucluse on a map of France and other bordering communes
- Plan of Fontaine-de-Vaucluse on Mapquest
- Spelunking society of Fontaine de Vaucluse
- Office of Tourism