There is archaeological evidence of the Roman settlement of Fonticulanum down on the Aterno river. In the Middle Ages a castle was built on top of the hill and the population moved up there. The condottieroBraccio da Montone ("Fortebraccio") (1368–1424) tried and failed to capture the castle in the 14th century.
Today you can see a wonderful and well conserved historical centre. Many fragments of ancient monuments are displayed in the L'Aquila museum.