|Launched||November 23, 1993|
|Owned by||Scripps Networks Interactive (70%)
Tribune Company (30%)
|Picture format||1080i (HDTV)
480i (SDTV/16:9 letterbox)
|Slogan||Way More Than Cooking|
|Headquarters||New York City, New York|
|Sister channel(s)||Cooking Channel
Great American Country
|Freeview (UK)||Channel 48|
|DirecTV||Channel 231 (HD/SD)
Channel 1231 (VOD)
Channel 2104 (Asia SD)
|Dish Network||Channel 110 (HD/SD)
Channel 9462 (HD)
|Sky (UK & Ireland)||Channel 262
Channel 263 (+1)
|Freesat (UK)||Channel 403
Channel 404 (+1)
|D-Smart (Turkey)||Channel 54 (HD)|
|Available on most cable systems||Check local listings|
|Smallworld Cable (UK)||Channel 222
Channel 223 (+1)
|UPC Ireland||Channel 508|
|Meo Online||Watch live (Portugal only)|
Food Network (legally known as Television Food Network) is a television specialty channel that airs both one-time and recurring (episodic) programs about food and cooking. Scripps Networks Interactive owns 70 percent of the network, with Tribune Company controlling the remaining 30 percent.
The network is seen in more than ninety million households. In addition to New York City, it has offices in Atlanta, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Detroit, Jersey City, Cincinnati, and Knoxville, Tennessee.
Food Network was founded on April 19, 1993 as TV Food Network and was launched on November 23 of that year; its legal name is still Television Food Network, G.P. Within a few years, the network had shortened its on-air brand name. It was created by Reese Schonfeld (one of the founders of CNN), under the direction of Trygve Myrhen, President of The Providence Journal. Its original partners included the Journal itself, Adelphia, Scripps-Howard, Continental Cablevision, Cablevision, and most importantly, Chicago's Tribune Company, which provided the network's technical output. The Network was initially launched in its preview form in September 1993 with two initial shows featuring David Rosengarten, Donna Hanover, and Robin Leach.
Schonfeld, who was also a partner in the company, was appointed its Managing Director and maintained a spot on its management board along with two Providence Journal employees. The original lineup for the network included Emeril Lagasse (Essence of Emeril), Debbi Fields, Donna Hanover, David Rosengarten, Curtis Aikens, Dr. Louis Arrone, Jacques Pépin, and Robin Leach. In the next year, the network acquired the rights to the Julia Child library from WGBH. In 1995, Schonfeld resigned as managing director of the network, but remained on its board until 1998, when he sold his interest in the company to Scripps. Greg Willis and Cathy Rasenberger were the two of the original members of the start-up team who led the affiliate sales & marketing of the company during 1995-1998 when the network experienced massive growth. In fact, in 1997 it was the 2nd fastest growing networks. Greg Willis was SVP Worldwide Distribution until he left to join Liberty Media in 1998.
The Food Network had been acquired from the A. H. Belo Corp. Corporation by the E. W. Scripps Company in 1997, trading KENS-AM/TV in San Antonio, Texas, for it. Belo had acquired the network when it purchased The Providence Journal Company in 1996. Myrhen left the Journal company the following year. In March 2009, the Food Network launched a re-purposed Food.com as a bookmarking site that allows users aggregate and search for recipes from different sources online.
Food Network was first launched internationally in the UK on November 9, 2009, and in Asia on July 5, 2010 (on StarHub TV's Channel 433 and Channel 468 for the HD version of Food Network Asia). Since the UK launch on November 9, 2009 on Sky, the channel has been added to the Freesat and Freeview platforms.
Food Network programming is divided into daytime coverage known as "Food Network in the Kitchen" and primetime coverage the network calls "Food Network Nighttime". Generally, "In the Kitchen" is dedicated to instructional cooking programs while "Nighttime" features food-related entertainment programs, such as cooking competitions, food-related travel shows, and reality shows. Promos identify "Food Network Nighttime" programming but not "In the Kitchen" daytime programming. Many of the channel's personalities routinely pull double-duty (or more) — hosting both daytime and nighttime programming — and the channel regularly offers specials which typically either follow its personalities on working vacations, or bring together a number of personalities for a themed cooking event. Food Network airs infomercials on Sundays from 4:00 a.m. ET until 9:30 a.m. ET, Mondays through Thursdays from 5:00 a.m. ET until 9:30 a.m. ET, and on Fridays and Saturdays from 4:00 a.m. ET until 7:00 a.m. ET.
Mario Batali and Bobby Flay joined the network in 1995. In 1996 Joe Langhan, an executive producer at The Food Network, created Emeril Live!, which became the channel's signature series. Among other duties, Flay and Batali now appear regularly on Iron Chef America, the channel's well-received remake of the original Japanese series. America's host, Alton Brown, gained a cult following for his Good Eats, which mixes science, cooking and offbeat humor. Currently the channel's biggest cross-over star is Rachael Ray, who has parlayed her cable following (primarily through the series 30 Minute Meals and $40 a Day) into a syndicated talk show and merchandise lines of cookware and kitchen ingredients.
Beginning in 2005, an annual reality contest, The Next Food Network Star, has brought viewers to New York to compete for their own show. Previous winners include Dan Smith and Steve McDonagh (Party Line with The Hearty Boys), Guy Fieri (Guy's Big Bite, Diners, Drive-Ins and Dives, "Guy Off the Hook," "Ultimate Recipe Showdown," "Guy's Big Night," "Guy's Family Feast"), Amy Finley (The Gourmet Next Door), Aaron McCargo, Jr. (Big Daddy's House), Melissa d'Arabian (Ten Dollar Dinners) and Aarti Sequeira (Aarti Party). For the 2010 season, the Next Food Network Star has relocated to Los Angeles.
In accordance with an agreement between Scripps and Chellomedia, Food Network programs started to air abroad in the fourth quarter of 2009 in the United Kingdom and then in other markets in early 2010.
High definition 
The 1080i high definition simulcast of Food Network was released on March 31, 2008. The standard definition feed of the network began to carry the full 16:9 screen downgraded from the HD feed in letterboxed mode in early 2013.
Food Network video game 
Food Network has released Cook or Be Cooked, a video game for the Wii console. The game, which was developed by Red Fly Studio and published by Namco Bandai Games, simulates real cooking experiences and was released on November 3, 2009. Players can also try out the recipes featured on the game.
Carriage disputes 
Dispute with Cablevision 
On January 1, 2010 HGTV and Food Network were removed from Cablevision, a major cable company with systems serving areas surrounding New York City. Scripps removed HGTV and Food Network from Cablevision's programming following the expiration of their contract on December 31, 2009; Cablevision and Scripps had been in negotiations for several months to agree on a new contract, but no progress had been made. The discontinuance of Food Network from Cablevision led the channel to make arrangements with Tribune-owned WPIX in New York and WTXX in Hartford, Connecticut to broadcast a special episode of Iron Chef America with First Lady Michelle Obama on Sunday, January 10, 2010, after that episode enjoyed high ratings on its January 3 cable premiere. On January 21, 2010 Cablevision and Scripps came to an agreement and Food Network and HGTV were restored to the cable systems that day.
Dispute with AT&T 
Media comment 
In December 2007 The New York Times business section published an article on the end of Emeril Lagasse's show Emeril Live and quoted Brooke Johnson, the president as saying that Lagasse "remains a valued member of the Food Network family".
Derek Baine, senior analyst at the media research firm SNL Kagan, is reported to have commented, "It's not surprising that people move on". "They pay almost nothing for the people as they are building their careers". "That's been their strategy all along".
The article also commented on the declining popularity of the Food Network whose day ratings it reported had fallen "to an average of 544,000 people from 580,000 a year ago". It noted, "More significant, its signature weekend block of instructional programs, known collectively as 'In the Kitchen,' has lost 15 percent of its audience in the last year, to 830,000 viewers on average. This had left the network owing refunds, known as 'make goods,' to advertisers."
Erica Gruen, former president and CEO of the Food Network (1995–1998) who created Emeril Live during her tenure, was reported to have blamed the decline on increased competition, "There's all sorts of instructional cooking video on the Web".
But it reported that, "Bob Tuschman, Food Network's senior vice president for programming and production, said the weekend ratings drop was 'nothing we haven't anticipated'. He said the network's ratings in that time period grew by double digits in each of the last four years, growth that could not be sustained."
It also wrote, "About a year ago, the Food Network began aggressively trying to change that with new deals that were 'way more onerous' from the stars' point of view, said a person who has been affected by the changing strategy, by insisting on a stake in book deals and licensing ventures, and control over outside activities.
Similar to the departure of Emeril Lagasse was that of David Rosengarten. In the foreword to his book Taste, Erica Gruen noted that the show had been the very first in-house production at Food Network and had become its most popular show. Yet after her departure at the end of 1998, the show was relegated to a 1:00 am broadcast time resulting in its inevitable drop in ratings and final demise. This strange and, on the surface, contrary to interest conduct by the network has never been explained.
See also 
- Food Business News: Schroeder, Eric "Food Network to launch in international markets" November 4, 2009. (Registration required to view entire article.)
- "Food Network coming to Sky". Digital Spy. October 6, 2009.
- "Food Network launches on Freesat". Digital Spy. December 14, 2009.
- "Food Network to launch on Freeview". Digital Spy. July 6, 2011.
- "Aaron McCargo, Jr.". Archived from the original on 2008-08-05. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
- Slezak, Michael (August 16, 2010). "'Next Food Network Star' season finale recap: And the winner is...". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- "Scripps, Chello to launch Food Network overseas". Business Courier of Cincinnati. October 5, 2009.
- Nelson, Randy (April 30, 2009). "Joystiq impressions: Food Network: Cook or Be Cooked". Joystiq.com.
- Brion, Raphael (October 22, 2009). "Upcoming: Food Network's Cook or Be Cooked Video Game". EatMeDaily.com.
- Wall Street Journal: "Scripps to Offer Free Show In Fight With Cablevision", January 6, 2010. (Subscription required to view entire article.)
- Scripps, Cablevision Deal Returns Food Network, HGTV to Subscribers, The Wrap, January 21, 2010
- AT&T's U-verse Drops Food Network, HGTV and Other Scripps Networks, Chicago Tribune, November 5, 2010
- Food Network, HGTV, Back on U-verse, Chicago Tribune, November 7, 2010
- AT&T U-verse, Scripps Reconnect on Carriage Contract, MultiChannel News, November 7, 2010
- Changing Courses at the Food Network, New York Times, December 17, 2007
- David Rosengarten (1998), Taste: One Palate's Journey through the World's Greatest Dishes, Television Food Network, Random House ISBN 0-375-75265-X
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Food Network|
- Official website
- CityEats - Restaurant Reservations Powered By the Food Network
- Food Network HD
- Food Network Canada
- Food Network UK