Foolow

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Foolow
Foolow.jpg
The Village Pond
Foolow is located in Derbyshire
Foolow
Foolow
 Foolow shown within Derbyshire
OS grid reference SK191768
District Derbyshire Dales
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HOPE VALLEY
Postcode district S32
Dialling code 01433
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Coordinates: 53°17′16″N 1°42′54″W / 53.2879°N 1.7151°W / 53.2879; -1.7151

Foolow (Old English possibly for Bird Hill or Colourful Hill [1]) is a village in the Derbyshire Peak District.

Village centre[edit]

The village green contains an ornate cross, similar to the one at Wheston but possibly of later date. It is inscribed with the date 1868, when it was moved from the site of the Wesleyan Reform Chapel and its shaft was replaced. A former bull ring lies in front of the cross.[2]

Lead mining[edit]

South of the village, the Watergrove mine was active from the 18th century until 1853. Water was a problem over this period; both soughs and pumping engines were used. In 1837 a Fairbrother beam engine was installed. Its 80 ft (24 m) chimney stood until 1960. There are hillocks in the north of the parish that mark the sites of other mines.[3] There are also sinkholes present- the most recent appeared in late 2013- believed to result from mine workings.[4] It is probable that mining, whether lead or other mineral, has been an occupation for the people of Foolow since at least the 15th century. Robert Roworth, of Folowe, a miner, appears as owing £4 to Thomas Calton of Chesterfield, in a legal record of 1470.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Foolow". Key to English Place-names. English Place Name Society at The University of Nottingham. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Neville T. Sharpe, Crosses of the Peak District (Landmark Collectors Library, 2002)
  3. ^ Helen Harris, Industrial archeology of the Peak District (David & Charles,1971)
  4. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-derbyshire-25554549
  5. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40 / 837; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT2/E4/CP40no837/aCP40no837fronts/IMG_0142.htm 6th entry